The United States and the Russia Federation. Nuclear missile confrontation. The return of the Cold War
Julian Borger in an article titled, “The United States and Russia on the brink of a new nuclear arms race “, published in the newspaper The Guardian, wrote that the fracture between Moscow and Washington has increased considerably because of the cruise missiles and increasingly rapid appearances of Russian submarines which are most likely equipped with a nuclear weapons. This can lead to the end of the era of arms control and return the dangerous rivalry between the two countries with the largest stockpile of nuclear weapons.
Tensions reached a new level with the US announcement of retaliatory measures if Russia develops a new cruise missile. Washington said that it violates the terms of one of the major treaties on arms control during the Cold War, and informed of the possibility of the return of US cruise missiles in Europe after 23-year absence.
On the day after Christmas in the sky over Washington climbed the first of two experimental airships that was another visible sign of much anxiety. The system, known as JLENS, is designed to ensure the detection of approaching cruise missiles. North American Aerospace Defense Command does not specify the nature of the threat, but it was nine months after General Charles Jacoby admitted that the Pentagon faced some “very significant challenges” in regard to countering cruise missiles, in particular, this applies to the threat posed by Russian submarines. Indeed if they can be countered at all.
These submarines that make forays across the Atlantic Ocean, are usually equipped with cruise missiles capable of carrying multiple nuclear warheads.
Tensions have increased at a time when the process to limit the spread of weapons was beginning to slow. The number of of nuclear warheads in the US and in Russia have actually increased in the past year. Both countries annually spend billions of dollars to upgrade their weapon systems.
The newspaper “Pravda”, during November published an article entitled; “Russia is preparing a nuclear surprise for NATO”, which described the superiority of Russia over the West, especially in regard to tactical nuclear weapons.
“Americans is well known,” – it said in the article. “They were sure before, that Russia will never rise again. Now it’s too late.”
The new version of the Russian military doctrine, published on December 25, the provisions of the policy of nuclear weapons have not changed compared to four years earlier. They should only be used in case of an attack using weapons of mass destruction or during an attack using conventional weapons, when it “threatens the existence of the state.” We are not talking about a preemptive strike, as suggested by some members of the army leadership.
Nevertheless, the new aggressive tone coincides with the fact that Russia continues to improve nuclear weapons, thus indicating the intention of Moscow to surpass the US in terms of its nuclear arsenal. This provides for a very significant increase in the number of warheads on submarines through the development of the missile “Bulava” – solid-fuel ballistic missiles to be placed on submarines. * see article
The upgrade will also cover new delivery system. Last month, Russia announced its intention to return rail missile systems that would move the country’s intercontinental ballistic missiles, eg. Topol, by rail, with the result that they will be very much more difficult to destroy, if at all.
In the West, more and more worried minds exist regarding the fact that Russia can sell to other countries – the private cruise missiles Club-K – Russia Container Missile System, which can be very discreetly placed in a standard shipping container, and is absolutely unremarkable, that is until its use.
But most of all Washington is concerned about Russian cruise missile tests of medium-range missiles, which, according to the White House, violate the agreement on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF), signed in 1987 – an agreement which put an end to dangerous confrontation between Russia and the United States, which placed cruise missiles in Europe. Skirting the contours of the globe, cruise missiles can evade radar protection and hit strategic targets virtually unnoticed, raising concerns on both sides about the possibility of unexpected pre-emptive strikes.
Brian McKeon said the Pentagon is considering various options for response to the emergence of the Russian cruise missile, including the placement of unique systems in Europe. Britain is due to upgrade Trident and at a colossal cost it can’t afford to meet either financially or politically.
“We have a few options though. Some of them do not contradict the provisions of the treaty, and some contract compliance. We are ready to present them to our leadership, if it chooses this path,” – said McKeon. Later, he added: “Now we have no grounds for cruise missiles in Europe, because they are prohibited by the treaty, but it is one of the options that we can consider.”
The return of cruise missiles in Europe would have political consequences and would cause controversy, but the Republican majority in Congress insists on a tough response. A response that could provoke a war, the final war.
The US military has also been very concerned regarding the revival of the Russian submarine fleet. Moscow is building a new generation of giant Ballistic missile submarines (SSBN), and which in US parlance are referred to as “Boomer”, and attack submarines, some of which greatly surpass the US equivalent in efficacy and stealth. After the low activity in 2002, when the Russian fleet in general was unable to send underwater patrols, it very quickly began to recover and re-assert its superiority and authority in the world.
From time to time in the US media are reports of Russian submarines sighted near the east coast of the United States. But the Pentagon denies this information. However, last year the commander of the aerospace defense of North America, Charles Jacoby admitted that there are concerns about how to deter the new investment of the Russian government in the development of ultra-technologies for massively advanced cruise missiles and submarine carriers.
“They have just begun production of a new class of silent submarines specifically designed for the delivery of cruise missiles,” – voiced Jacoby, in Congress.
Peter Roberts, who until last year served in the Royal Navy as a commander and senior officer of the British Relations with the US Navy and US intelligence services, said that “the transatlantic attacks” Russian submarines class “Shark”, which occur once or twice a year, are commonplace.
“Russian tends to make forays into class submarine” Shark “or” Shark-II ” during the Christmas period. Usually they stop off the coast of Scotland, and then move through the Bay of Biscay, in the Atlantic Ocean. The submarines will be equipped with missiles very capable of carrying nuclear warheads, “- he said.
Roberts, who is now a senior fellow at the Royal United Institute for Defense Studies, said that the appearance of the periscope off the west coast of Scotland, because of which started spearfishing NATO last month, was a sign of the last sortie of the Russians.
He said that the Russian submarine, likely heading to the coast of the United States. “Usually they go to the east coast to observe the teachings of carrier strike groups.”
“The Americans tried to shrug off the problem, but now there is concern about the ability of the US to detect these submarines at all. Their ASW was in the doldrums, while we have focused on the ground operations in Afghanistan and the like.” Thus there is no competition.
Both the US and Russia, cruise missiles were supposedly removed from their submarines after the signing of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START-I) in 1991, but it expired in late 2009, followed by START agreement-III, signed by Barack Obama and Dmitry Medvedev, in 2010, and does not include any such limitation, any continuation of the exchange of information on the number of cruise missiles.
Paul feat, a senior researcher at the Institute of the UN Disarmament Research and the leading independent analyst specializing in matters of nuclear forces of Russia, said: “The bottom line is that we do not know for sure, but it’s safe to say that it is quite possible that the Russian submarines are equipped with nuclear SLCM. “
Jeffrey Lewis, an expert on arms control at the Monterey Institute of International Studies, believes that airships JLENS, above all, are a reaction to the fact that the Russians have begun to rearm their torpedo submarines, equipping them with the most powerful nuclear weapons.
“For a long time Russian said that they will do it, and now it looks like it has happened” – Lewis said. He added that the fact that the exchange of data on cruise missiles is not provided for the new START treaty is a major miscalculation, which increases uncertainty.
Russians emphasis on cruise missiles responsible strategy “de-escalation” of President Putin, which provides resistance to the traditional supremacy of NATO using the threat of limited nuclear strike, which may cause “calculated damage” to the enemy.
According to the representative of the Federation of American Scientists, Hans Kristensen, Russia and the United States updating of their arsenals will lead to a period of active military rivalry. “Security will not particularly increase, but the number of nervous people on both sides will definitely increase,” – he said.
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29.01/2015 Interfax. Former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev said the United States might take the risk and draw Russia into a “hot war”.
“And where it will lead us all? “Cold War” is already open. And what’s next? Unfortunately, I can not say firmly that the “cold war” will not lead to a “hot”. I’m afraid that the risk might be taken, “- said Gorbachev.
Gorbachev, when asked whether in Europe once again would begin full-scale war, said that, “we must not even think such a war would inevitably be turned into a nuclear war.“
13/01/2015 The Russian Federation is to form an Air-Space Force by combining its Air Force and Space Forces this year (2015). The military is working to develop a reliable layered missile defense system in space, and to deploy most advanced radar systems – Armed Forces General Staff chief, Valery Gerasimov.
“A new type of armed forces will be created, the Air-Space Force, by combining two already existing types of military armed forces: the Air Force and Space Forces,” Gerasimov said.
The establishment of the Air-Space Force has been widely discussed in the press, but such rumors were always denied by the authorities. However, Russian Air Force commander-in-chief Lt. Gen. Viktor Bondarev, confirmed the creation of the new Air Space Force.
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MOSCOW, April 2015 Troops Aerospace Defense (VVKO) and industry are constantly working to fill the orbital group of space-tier early warning system (EWS). This was reported by TASS in the Defense Ministry.
Spacecraft “messenger” and military satellite successfully launched into the target orbit“The launch of the first new generation spacecraft is scheduled for the second half of 2015, – said the agency interlocutor. – It will be executed by a rocket” Union. “Booster” Angara “for the start-up will not be used, because its next scheduled start for 2016 “.“There is no gap in the orbital grouping of early warning system and never will be”, – assured the representative of the Ministry of Defense. He noted that “the distinguishing feature of the new generation of spacecraft for space-tier early warning system – higher compared to the previous generation of devices active lifetime, improved several times performance characteristics.” The satellite was built on the new domestic element base. “One such new satellite can replace 5-6 units of the previous generation,” – a spokesman said.
He stressed that “at the same time developing ground component EWS due to the commissioning of new radars high operational readiness.” “The two-tier early warning system will perform old tasks, but work on a new level and a completely new scheme,” – said the representative of the Ministry of Defense.
According to him, space and ground echelons of the early warning system will operate in close cooperation as possible, complementing each other. They receive the information will be immediately reported to the command post EWS and then – in the National Center for State defense management.
As previously stated VVKO Commander Lieutenant General Alexander Golovko, “in 2015, provides for the deployment of Unified space system of the first phase of development, which will provide capacity building for clock control missile-directions
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