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THE COUNTER-TERRORISM LIBRARY

Expanded Introduction and Explanation

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ISIS 8

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The principal trends displayed by modern terrorism

are:

a) an increasing number of terrorist attacks and their casualties;
b) the broadening geographical scope of terrorism, the international nature of
terrorist organizations and the use they make of ethnic and religious factors;
c) the growing mutual influence of numerous internal and external social, political, economic and
other factors on the emergence and spreading of terrorism;
d) the increasing level of organization in terrorist activities, with large and sophisticated-structured terrorist formations;
e) strengthening links between terrorism and organized crime, including transnational crime;
f) the increased scope of financing of terrorist operations together with the accessibility of advanced technologies and equipment;
g) the intent of subjects of terrorism to get hold of weapons of mass destruction;
h) attempts to use terrorism as a means of interference into the internal affairs of states;
i) developing new and refining existing methods and techniques of terrorism in order to exacerbate the effects of terrorist attacks and increase the number of casualties.

2. The emergence and spread of terrorism against for example the United Kingdom and France, has its historical preconditions, which means that it is connected with internal economic, political, social, ethnic and religious antagonisms within, as well as with external terrorist threats, including and very importantly, those faced by the entire global community.

3. The major domestic factors influencing the emergence and spread of terrorism on a global scale, and/or providing causes and their preconditions:

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are:

a) ethnic, religious or other social antagonisms;
b) conditions facilitating the activities of extremist individuals and groups;
c) arguably a sub-optimal effectiveness of law-enforcement
d) lack of proper control over the dissemination of radical ideologies and the encouraging violence and cruelty within our information environment;
e) insufficiently effective struggle against organized crime and corruption and against illegal traffic in weapons, ammunition and explosives.

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The principal external factors facilitating the emergence and spreading of terrorism

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are:

a) attempts by international terrorist organizations to penetrate specific regions;
b) hotbeds of terrorist activity situated within.
c) foreign states harboring camps for training militant cadres for international terrorist and extremist organizations, including those targeting Europe, including Russia of course, and the USA – and theological educational institutions disseminating extremist religious ideologies;
d) financial support for terrorist and extremist organizations operating within provided by international terrorist and extremist organizations;
f) the desire of certain foreign states, in some instances using counter-terrorism as a pretext, to weaken whatever nation state in question and undermine its positions internationally, and to establish their (foreign) political, economic or other forms of influence in specific states/regions/areas;
g) terrorist and extremist propaganda disseminated via info-communication networks (the Internet) and mass media;
h) terrorist elements welcoming broad coverage of their activities in the media for greater public effect;
i) lack of consistency among the international community in determining the causes of the emergence and spreading of terrorism and its driving forces, double standards in the law-enforcement practices of counter-terrorism;
j) lack of a single anti-terrorist information environment, both internationally and domestically.

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The aiming of counter-terrorist activity

which is;

The detection, prevention, suppression, revealing and investigation of terrorist activities, as well as
mitigation and and/or elimination of their consequences.

6) Counter-terrorism provides for an integrated governmental policy of countering terrorism and is focused on the protection of basic human rights and civil freedoms and ensuring national security.

7) The subjects of counter-terrorist activity include legally authorized bodies of government and local self-government, whose scope of legal authority encompasses counter-terrorist activities, non-governmental organizations and public associations and individual citizens providing assistance to legally authorized bodies of government and local self-
government in their counter-terrorist activity.
8) ************** omitted
9) The legal framework of the system of counter-terrorism is comprised of the commonly recognized principles and norms of international law.
10) The primary objective of counter-terrorist activity is the protection of individual citizens, the society and the state against terrorist attacks and other terrorism-related incidents.

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The primary tasks of counter-terrorist activity

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are:

a) identification and elimination of the causes and preconditions facilitating the emergence and spread of terrorism;
b) detection, prevention and suppression of any activities conducted by individuals and organizations with a view to preparing and perpetrating terrorist attacks and other terrorism-related crimes;
c) bringing to justice the subjects of terrorist activity accordingly requisite legislation;
d) constantly maintaining the operational readiness to effective action of the dedicated assets and resources designated to detect, prevent, suppress, reveal and investigate terrorist activities, as well as mitigate and/or eliminate related consequences;
e) ensuring the security of citizens and anti-terrorist protection of potential targets of terrorist encroachments, including critical infrastructures and their related facilities as well as life support and public attendance sites;
f) countering the dissemination of terrorist ideology and stirring-up the work of information and propaganda support of anti-terrorist measures.

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The guidelines of counter-terrorist activity

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are:

a) terrorism prevention (proactive counter-terrorism);
b) combating terrorism;
c) mitigation and/or elimination of the consequences of terrorist manifestations.

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The three principal guidelines of terrorism prevention (proactive counter-terrorism)

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are:

a) development of a system of countering terrorist ideology;
b) practically taking the legal, organizational, operational, administrative, internal security, military and technical measures to ensure the anti-terrorist protection of potential terrorist targets;
c) imposing stricter control over the compliance with administrative and legal regimes.
The special emphasis within the context of terrorism prevention (proactive counter-terrorism) should be placed on the efficient implementation of administrative and legal provisions.

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Terrorism prevention (proactive counter-terrorism) presumes the execution of the following tasks:

a) development and practical implementation of specific measures focused on the elimination of the causes and preconditions facilitating the emergence and spread of terrorism;
b) countering the dissemination of terrorist ideology by way of protecting the entire information environment and improvement of the system of countering terrorism in the information aspect;
c) improvement of the socioeconomic, political and legal situation;
d) forecasting, identification and elimination of terrorist threats, providing information on such threats to legally authorized bodies of government and local self-government, and general public;
e) using the legal methods of exerting influence upon the behavior of the individual persons (groups of persons) showing inclinations towards terrorist activity;
f) development and implementation of preventive counter-terrorist measures;
g) **************** omitted;
h) development and application of standard requirements pertaining to ensuring the anti-terrorist protection of critical infrastructures and their related facilities, life support networks and public attendance sites;
i) improvement of the regulatory legal framework pertaining to the matters of restoring the damage inflicted upon the life, health and property of the persons involved in counter-terrorist activity as well as victims of a terrorist act;
j) improvement of the interaction among governmental executive authorities and strengthening international cooperation in the field of counter-terrorism.  ** to be continued

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“Terrorism is the knife edge of hatred. Those, no less than inhuman scum, they kill without remorse, children, women and men alike, mutilate beyond all recognition, and in the process of this made unbearable reality, permanently decimate the psyche of all who become its focus.”

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Expanded Introduction and Explanation

The Counter-Terrorism Library

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