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Secret Intelligence Service

Diary Notes VI

(C-I)

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Semper Nobis Vigilandum

Semper Occulte

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Diary Notes VI

(C-I)

Incomplete Page

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  The Owl is Observing

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Unstructured material assembled by (C-I) in diary format. Part VI of VI

NotLondonnot16120016hjhtfyes((((r

 

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Daleye – po ssylke.

Foreign Intelligence Service of the Russian Federation

today at 15oo

And in Spain, he was known as Comandante Gregorio

In the summer of 1938 in the Madrid residency NKVD left telegram from Lubyanka , in which senior military adviser to the 14th special republican body , senior NKVD Major Gregory SYROEZHKIN ordered to leave for Moscow. Arriving in the capital at the end of the same year , he settled in the hotel “Moscow” . One evening in his room phone rang. Called an old friend to the foreign department , who confided to Gregory that the recently signed and announced , ” who should be ” closed decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of nominations in the other group of security officers for their outstanding achievements in the fight against fascism in the Spanish Republic . Buddy hinted that the case would be nice to mention . Gregory went to the bar , bought a bottle of good brandy and hurried to a meeting with a friend. However, at the door of the hotel room scout faced three strangers who showed him an arrest warrant .

The Owl is in Harrogate

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Erich Fromm on the subject of capitalism – to facilitate where we’re at in the world discussion

Fromm says that capitalism – a society based on how to awaken greed, selfishness , competition of all against all . And he ‘s not the first. Talked about this and Hobbes, talked about this Adam Smith . Long said that if the alleged greed and wake base feelings in each human individual , which will be at war with another, the whole human community suddenly starts to develop a tremendous pace . That the only thing that we can build in development – it’s a vile man, his greed, selfishness , and everything else for his human nature .

Fromm says that reliance on such a nature , which is far from nature in general , and which largely invented to justify a certain order of society , leads to alienation. Because formed a society in which they want to “have” , ” have ” , but not ” to be.”

Fromm examines not , more or less in this society will eat. Fromm looks at the root and a slap in the most painful point , he says: ” Consumption – is a form of possession , and perhaps in modern advanced capitalist societies the most important . Consumption inherent contradictory properties . On the one hand  – he says – it weakens feelings of anxiety and worry ” (Erich Fromm ” have or to Be ” Chat I, Chap . I,” The possession and consumption of . The man realizes that he is mortal , that it is unstable , that he alone (and in fact made ​​it a standout !) Is vulnerable to rock. He begins to worry and worry , and then he , as drug consumption offer . It weakens the sense of anxiety and worry . Go to the store , buy more and more , and you temporarily ease, you protect your “I ” shell these things. You touch them , they like you , and you forget that you are mortal , that you are alone , that , by and large , you’re miserable.

All these supermarkets, hypermarkets all these , all this incessant life ” shopping ” and so on is needed in order to drown out the inner existential anxiety, says Fromm . And all these shows on television bandits, cannibals , and God knows who else, we need to wake up and fear that the consumer , who will begin to worry more , ran again consume . Horror, the whole culture of aggression needed to drive the man in ” shopping .” “Modern consumers – says Fromm – may define themselves by the following formula : I have what I possess and what I consume .”

Then he asks a simple thing but what he says , it leads ? What does it lead ? “All these considerations seem to suggest that people have two trends ,”says Fromm. “One of them – the trend of “have” ,”ie, run on the “shopping” and bickering with each other,  ultimately derives its power in a biological factor desire for self-preservation .” And this is a very large force, says Fromm, which , of course , you can rely on. This is all that beastly stratum that exists , it’s all instincts that are asleep, but did not disappear . That’s all that there is in man prehuman , natural . Self-preservation , that this bickering , jungle, “a war of all against all.”

The second trend – “to be”, to sacrifice themselves ,” says Fromm , “gaining strength in the specific conditions of human existence and the inherent human need to overcome loneliness by joining with others.

Those cultures that encourage greed, and thus modus possession, based on the potential of a human one . Those who favor the existence and unity , based on the potency of the other in the same person ” ( Chat II, Ch . V,” The desire to give and share with others, to sacrifice themselves have or……But do not indicate Fromm , to say that these other potencies not. Needless to say that you can only rely on the potency those who need a culture that encourages greed , even for the sake development. Adam Smith, Hobbes ‘ war of all against all . ” Adam Smith : greedy individuals begin to squabble , generate development, public good, the benefit of greed. q” In conclusion , – writes Fromm – we can say that there is nothing surprising in the fact that the human desire for self-sacrifice and dedication shown so often and with such force, given the conditions of existence of the human race.” The human race as a human race can not exist without the support of it. He will die as a human race, if he does not exist relying on it . “It’s amazing – Fromm writes, – rather that this need can be suppressed with such force that selfishness in capitalist society are the rule , and solidarity – exception. However, paradoxically, it is this phenomenon is caused by the need for unity. Society , principles which is greed, profit and property, generates social character, possession -oriented, and as soon as this is approved by the dominant type of character in society, nobody wants to be an outsider , but rather an outcast , to avoid this risk, every effort to accommodate the majority, though the only thing he has in common with the majority of these – this is their mutual antagonism.”

And then Fromm goes through and writes the following, “In Catholic theology is a state of being , in full disengagement and alienation , and can not be overcome in love (Fromm and explains in detail why such a state of true love can not be, and it is replaced by sex and why do you need all these sexual revolution ) is defined as “hell” (Part II, Chapter VI, “Sin and forgiveness” Fromm puts a sign of identity between social and metaphysical hell , and this state of universal separation can not be overcome, and in love.

The Owl is in Harrogate 0800 *bvbvbvcdsaqqqqqq*****************************16yes

Mundum muliebri

16trewsaqZaooooooo))))) where we’re at discussion –  they have an inflated view of themselves so we should trample it underfoot

Rupture of diplomatic relations between Britain and the USSR in 1927 in London to act legal residency, which comes from an important political information from the Foreign Ministry and the Interior Ministry, the various political parties, the British counter-intelligence.

In 1933 in London was sent a spy A. Deych, who actually supervised the work of illegal residency. In 1933, it was sent to an outstanding spy D. Bystroletov tasked with recruiting cypher British Foreign Office. This recruitment took place in 1934, with the result that foreign intelligence gained access to the secrets of British diplomacy.

The Owl is Observing,.,.,nbvccccccccnot15

 

The S-500 Prometey (Прометей) (Prometheus)  Russian SAM system, currently under development by the Almaz-Antey Air Defence Concern. It is also known as 55R6M Triumfator-M.

The S-500 is a new generation surface-to-air missile system – designed for intercepting and destroying intercontinental ballistic missiles as well as hyper-sonic cruise missiles and aircraft, for air defense against Airborne Early Warning and Control, and for jamming aircraft. With a planned range of 600 km (370 mi) for Anti Ballistic Missile (ABM) and 400 km (250 mi) for the air defense, the S-500 would be able to detect and simultaneously engage up to 10 ballistic supersonic targets flying at a speed of 5 kilometres per second (3.1 mi/s; 18,000 km/h; 11,000 mph) to a limit of 7 km/s (4.3 mi/s; 25,000 km/h; 16,000 mph). t also aims at destroying hyper-sonic cruise missiles and other aerial targets at speeds of higher than Mach 5 as well as spacecraft The altitude of a target engaged can be as high as 180–200 km (110–120 mi).[ It is effective against ballistic missiles with a launch range of 3,500 km (2,200 mi), the radar reaches a radius of 3,000 km (1,300 km for the EPR 0,1 square meter)

The system will be highly mobile and will have rapid deployability. Experts believe that the system’s capabilities can affect enemy intercontinental ballistic missiles at the middle and end portions of flight,[4] but reports by Almaz-Antey say that the external target designation system (RLS Voronezh-DM and missile defense system A-135 radar Don-2N) will be capable of mid-early flight portion interceptions of enemy ballistic missiles, which is one of the final stages of the S-500 project.

In 2009, the system was under development at the design stage at Almaz-Antey and had been planned to be completed in 2012. In February 2011, it was announced that the first S-500 systems should be in serial production by 2014 ] Under the State Armament Programme 2020 (GPV-2020), the plan is to purchase 10 S-500 battalions for the Russian Aerospace Defense (VKO)

The main components of the S-500 will be the launch vehicle 77P6, based on the BAZ-69096 10×10 truck; the command posts 55K6MA and 85Zh6-2 on BAZ-69092-12 6×6; the acquisition and battle management radar 91N6A(M), a modification of the 91N6 (Big Bird) towed by the BAZ-6403.01 8×8 tractor; the 96L6-TsP acquisition radar, an upgraded version of the 96L6 (Cheese Board) on BAZ-69096 10×10; the multi-mode engagement radar 76T6 on BAZ-6909-022 8×8; the ABM engagement radar 77T6 on BAZ-69096 10×10; Although sharing a similar designation, the relationship between this new S-500 and the S-500U project of the 1960s is unclear. The S-500U multi-channel anti-aircraft system was a 1968 initiative by the Soviet Air Defence Forces, Soviet Navy, Ministry of the Radio Industry (Ministerstvo Radio Promyshlennosti SSSR), and Ministry of the Shipbuilding Industry to create a unified complex for the National Air Defence Troops, navy and ground troops. Missiles of the S-500U complex were supposed to engage enemy aircraft at a range up to 100 km (62 mi). The S-500U SAM complex project was rejected by the Soviet Army, which had a requirement to engage not only enemy aircraft, but also short range ballistic missiles. Consequently, the S-300 family (SA-10 and SA-12) was developed instead. Russia is developing two plants to produce the S-500 in 2015 but some say the earliest delivery to units will be in 2016. Response time of less than 4 seconds (S-400 less than 10).

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   The Owl is Vigilant

YALTA – discussion

February 4, 1945 in Livadia near Yalta Conference of Heads of Government opened the three great powers of anti-Hitler coalition in World War II – the USSR, USA and the U.K.

The conference was held until February 11, 1945. It was attended by Chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars Joseph Stalin , U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill , the Foreign Ministers of the three powers, Vyacheslav Molotov, E.Stettinius, A.Iden, representatives of the General Staffs.

Value

In 1943, Franklin Roosevelt in Tehran , Stalin and Churchill discussed mainly the problem of achieving victory over the Third Reich , in Potsdam in July- August 1945, the Allies decided questions of peaceful settlement and the division of Germany , in Yalta same make key decisions about the future division of the world between countries – winners.

By the time the collapse of Nazism did not cause doubt , and the victory over Germany was only a matter of time – as a result of powerful offensive attacks of Soviet troops military operations were transferred to the German territory and the war entered its final stage . The fate of Japan also did not cause any particular issues , as the U.S. has controlled almost the entire Pacific Ocean. The Allies knew that they had a unique opportunity to dispose of the history of Europe in its own way , because for the first time in history almost all of Europe was in the hands of all three powers.

Tasks

All decisions of Yalta generally focused on two issues. First , it was necessary to draw new borders in the territory , until recently occupied by the Third Reich . At the same time it was necessary to install the unofficial but generally accepted by all parties to the demarcation line between the spheres of influence of allies – the work which was begun in Tehran. Secondly , the Allies were well aware that after the disappearance of the common enemy of the West and forced the union will lose all but the Bolshevik sense, and therefore should establish procedures to ensure the immutability conducted on the world map boundaries.

Revision of borders

In this regard, Roosevelt , Churchill and Stalin managed to find common ground on almost all issues .

Poland

USSR was the western border with Poland on the so-called ” Curzon Line ” established in 1920 , with the departure from it in some regions from 5 to 8 kilometers in favor of Poland . In fact, the border back to the situation at the time of the partition of Poland between Germany and the USSR in 1939 as the Molotov -Ribbentrop Pact.

Germany

Decided in principle on the occupation and division of Germany into occupation zones, and on the allocation of its area of ​​France

Specific solution to the question regarding the occupation zones of Germany was reached before the Crimea Conference and recorded in the ” Protocol of Agreement between the Governments of the USSR, the U.S. and UK occupation zones in Germany and the management of ” Greater Berlin ” ” dated September 12, 1944 .

This decision determined the division of the country for many decades : the territory of the Soviet zone of October 7, 1949 was established the German Democratic Republic after the other German states were merged into the Federal Republic of Germany. Also discussed the separation of East Prussia ( later, after Potsdam , the greater part of the territory was created current Kaliningrad Oblast).

Crimean Conference participants stated that their inflexible purpose to destroy German militarism and Nazism and to assure that “Germany will never again be able to disturb the peace ,” ” disarm and disband all German armed forces and all the German General Staff ,” ” remove or destroy all German military equipment to eliminate or control all German industry that could be used for military production , all war criminals to just and swift punishment … ; obliterate the Nazi Party , Nazi laws , organizations and institutions ; remove all Nazi and militarist influences from public institutions , of cultural and economic life of the German people . “However, in the communiqué of the conference stressed that after the elimination of Nazism and militarism German people will be able to take its rightful place in the comity of nations .

Balkans

Was discussed and the eternal question of the Balkans – in particular , the situation in Yugoslavia and Greece. It is believed that Stalin allowed the UK to decide the fate of the Greeks , resulting in later clashes between communist and pro-Western forces in the country have been resolved in favor of the latter . On the other hand, was actually recognized that the power to get the pro-Moscow groups Yugoslavia Josip Broz Tito, who, however, recommended that the government take democrats .

Poland

It was more difficult to resolve the issue with the device post-war Poland. Its outline after World War II changed dramatically – Poland, which before the war was the largest country in Central Europe, has sharply decreased and shifted to the west and north . Until 1939, its eastern border was almost near Kiev and Minsk, besides Poles owned Vilna region , which now became a part of Lithuania. The western border with Germany was to the east of the Oder , with most of the Baltic coast also belonged to Germany . In the east, the pre-war Polish territory were a minority of Ukrainians and Belarusians , while part of the territories in the west and north, inhabited by Poles , was under German jurisdiction.

Although Poland had already the sixth year was ruled by Germany, in London there was a provisional government in exile in this country , which has been recognized and the Soviet Union and therefore could well claim to power in the country after the war. However, Stalin was able to achieve in the Crimea by the Allies consent for the establishment of a new government in Poland itself ” with the inclusion of democratic leaders from Poland itself and from Poles abroad .” This solution is implemented in the presence of Soviet troops allowed the USSR to further easily form in Warsaw suits its political regime .

Declaration on Liberated Europe In Yalta, was also signed the Declaration on Liberated Europe , the principles of policy winners won from the enemy territory. It provided, inter alia, the restoration of sovereign rights of the peoples and the right allies together to “help” these nations “improve conditions” for the implementation of these same rights. The declaration said: ” The establishment of order in Europe and the rebuilding of national economic life must be achieved in a manner which will enable the liberated peoples to destroy the last vestiges of Nazism and fascism and to create democratic institutions of their own choice.”

The idea of ​​mutual assistance , as expected , later became reality : each power – winner had the power only to those areas where its troops were located . As a result, each of the former allies in the war started by the end of it diligently maintain their own ideological allies. Europe for several years divided into obedient Moscow socialist camp and Western Europe, where Washington, London and Paris tried to resist communist sentiments.

Reparations

In once again raised the question of reparations . However, the Allies were unable to definitively determine the amount of compensation – it was decided only that the U.S. and Britain will give Moscow 50 percent of all reparations.

Far East Separate document was essentially decided the fate of the Far East. In exchange for the Soviet troops in the campaign against Japan , Stalin received from the United States is very large concessions . First, the Soviet Union received the Kuriles and South Sakhalin lost even in Russian – Japanese war. In addition , Mongolia maintained its status of the satellite of Moscow. The Soviet side also promised long-lost Port Arthur and the Chinese Eastern Railway ( CER ) .

U.N.

In Yalta, was launched and a new realization of the idea of the League of Nations. Allies needed intergovernmental organization , capable to prevent attempts to change the established boundaries of spheres of influence . That conference winners in Teheran and Yalta and intermediate talks at Dumbarton Oaks was formed ideology of the United Nations .

It was agreed that the basis of the activities of the UN in solving the fundamental issues of the world will be on the principle of unanimity of the great powers – the permanent members of the Security Council with veto power.

He secured the consent of the partners of the fact that among the founders and members of the United Nations was not only the USSR but also Ukraine and Belarus . And it came to Yalta documents date ” 25 April 1945 ” – the date of the beginning of the San Francisco Conference , which was intended to develop the UN Charter .

UN has become a symbol and guarantor of the postwar world order formal , authoritative and sometimes quite effective organization in the resolution of interstate problems. In this country the winners continue to prefer to solve the really big issues of their relationship through bilateral negotiations and not the UN . The UN has also failed to prevent the wars that the United States and the Soviet Union were in the past decade.

The Legacy of Yalta

Created in Yalta bipolar world and the hard partition of Europe into East and West remained for half a century, until the 1990s , which indicates the stability of this system .

Yalta system collapsed only with the downfall of one of the centers, providing a balance of power. Just two or three years at the turn of 1980-1990 ‘s “East”, personifies the USSR disappeared from the world map. Since the boundary spheres of influence in Europe are determined only by the current balance of power. Such a world is less stable than the old rigid structure , which in many cases led to bloody conflicts. At the same time, most of Central and Eastern Europe rather calmly endured the disappearance of former demarcation lines , and Poland , the Czech Republic , Hungary and the Baltic countries were even able to fit into the new picture of the world in Europe.

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The Owl is in Harrogate 2000 uiuiuiugfsssssssxz%and 15

We should feel justified – absolutely no guilt, in seeking out destruction concepts incompatible with international peace and stability, and replacing them with concepts of tolerance and international cooperation. Not our business to ponder over the internal consequences, which may lead to the adoption of such concepts in another country, equally, we must think that we bear at least some responsibility for these events.

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The Owl is in Harrogate 1530 hrs at bbbgbgbffffff*****&and 16With foreign intelligence began working in 1933 in Belgrade. Engaged in the development of the White Guard emigre organizations.

In 1935, as a result of betrayal Belgrade police arrested and sentenced to two years and eight months’ hard labour. After serving his sentence was launched in Moscow. His behaviour during the investigation and in prison, it was recognized by the Centre, impeccable.

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   The Owl is in Harrogate MMnbvcdddnot15thedate

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LENINIST DECLARATION for where we are at discussion *********** – so we know the history, same with China – we have to know********************* *****************

January 25, 1918 adopted the Declaration of Rights of the Working and Exploited People.

Declaration of the Rights of the Working and Exploited People – one of the first and most important constitutional acts of the Soviet republic , which was aimed at strengthening the legislative gains of the October Revolution and the proclamation of the basic principles and objectives of the socialist state.

The Declaration was written VI Lenin and submitted to them by the Central Executive Committee. To edit the text of the original draft of the Declaration created a special commission . At a meeting of the Constituent Assembly (5) January 18, 1918 on behalf of the Bolshevik faction of the Soviet authorities introduced the draft for discussion , read the Declaration YM Sverdlov, but it was not approved .

After some changes in the Declaration of Rights of the Working and Exploited People was adopted (12) January 25, 1918 by the Third All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers ‘and Soldiers’ Deputies. This document consists of four sections. The first established the political foundations of the Soviet state as a form of dictatorship of the proletariat – Russia proclaimed Republic of Soviets of Workers’ , Soldiers’ and Peasants’ Deputies , which should belong to all the power in the center and in the field .

Was also set federal principle system of the Soviet state as a union of free nations . The second section defines the basic task of Soviet power – abolition of all exploitation of man by man , the complete elimination of the division of society into classes, the exploiters crackdown and establishment of a socialist organization of society. Were confirmed by the abolition of private ownership of land , decrees on workers’ control , the nationalization of banks , introduction of universal labor service , education, the Red Army , etc.

The third section of the Declaration defines the basic principles of foreign policy – the struggle for peace , the abolition of secret treaties , respect for national sovereignty of all peoples, a complete break with the barbarous policy of bourgeois states , the cancellation of foreign loans , the king’s prisoners and the interim government.

Here were approved TRC proclaimed the independence of Finland , listing freedom of self-determination and the Armenian withdrawal from Iran. The fourth section is proclaimed the elimination of the exploiting classes to participate in the management of the Soviet state , arguing that the power should belong entirely and exclusively working people and their plenipotentiary representatives – the Soviets of Workers ‘, Soldiers’ and Peasants’ Deputies The Declaration was adopted again ( 18) January 31, 1918 Third All-Russian Congress of Soviets – after unification congress of Soviets of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies to the Congress of Soviets of Peasants’ Deputies . Later , at the suggestion of VI Lenin’s declaration in this form has been included as an introductory section of the first Constitution of the RSFSR in 1918.

The Owl is in Harrogate

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Human beings inhabit a reality of invented certainties, fantasies more aptly put. It is easy to use whatever facilities have emerged and do so in supposedly ingenious ways, but there is no transcending limitation, though plenty think otherwise – idiots. The supports that abound and which constitute only a plastic reality, together with the facility for language (or limited use of it) form a functioning social awareness, and its control. The point being, that assuming everything that is not known (and cannot be known) is the same as, or shares similarities with how humans envisage things (by appeal to the capacity so to do), how humans invent via ingenuity, how humans play around in the minuscule of things, how humans feel compelled to create for whatever reason, is misleading, again constitutes fantasy.

Not only misleading but foolish because the certainties are not certainties at all, but inventions that fit whatever expectations are envisaged. These, forming a blanket, if one wants to consider as such –

There is a catastrophic element in which we find ourselves, that we cannot get along and the appeal to invented certainties becomes the vehicle for conflict played out. There is no right and wrong because humans have no significance, other than whatever convolution of invented assumptions are brought into play. In a nutshell practically all human beings are pathetic, self righteous, vindictive, and murderous (on a scale from curbing the desire because of protocols in place, to outright genocide). This is what we are up against. Stupid people, stupid thoughts, stupid behaviours. We bear their stupidity and requisite non-achievement, and we do it well.

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Hiroshima. Japan. 1945

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World War II concluded 72 years ago. The war against Japan dragged on longer than the war against Germany and its ending, lit up by two nuclear blasts, changed the world forever. Away from the front lines, armies of scientists were working on a weapon that would put the world on the brink of destruction – and yet supposedly protect from another global conflict. The ultimate tool for slaughter ushered in humanity’s nuclear age. Germany lose the race for the ultimate weapon. What did the creators themselves think when they were working on the atomic bomb?

There was a great deal of confusion with the German bureaucracies at the time. Different attempts to begin various programmes. Hitler wasn’t terribly aware regarding nuclear issues, being more excited by rockets – he did build rockets. It was difficult to convince the scientists who were academics that they should mount a powerful programme. They wanted to begin small and stay small.

There is evidence that the Germans simply made mistakes. When Heisenberg and the other German scientists who were interred in England in 1945, when they heard the news of the Hiroshima bombing, they turned to Heisenberg and said, “Well, how much uranium must they have used?” and he said it would have required several tonnes – which meant he has never got beyond thinking in terms of a nuclear reactor, and hadn’t realised that if you pulled out that special form of uranium which is used in bombs, U-235, that the amount would actually be measured in a few kilograms, not in tonnes. So, there is every sign that he really did not intend to build the atomic bomb. They diverted to working on a nuclear reactor, and by the end of the war had about a half scale reactor, moderated with heavy water. If they had built one twice the size that the one they were working on, but they didn’t have sufficient heavy water and neither did they have sufficient uranium.

The Japanese investigated working on the atomic bomb and came to realize that to separate the isotope of the uranium would require more than their entire national electrical supply and more than their annual production of copper for wires.

The reason why first England and then the U.S. became involved in working on the atomic bomb was because they knew that the German scientists who were left after the Jewish scientists were expelled from Germany, they knew that German scientists were immensely competent, and assumed that the government would be interested. But, of course, that’s not how it turned out. It was late, in 1944, that it became known that Germany was not working on the atomic bomb.

Adamsky, Victor – was one of the men who worked on the Russian H bomb. Adamsky, “In order to get the point of building the bomb, governments had to trust their scientists and scientists had to trust their government, because you wouldn’t go directly to the bomb, you had to go by way of building this enormous physical plant in order to enrich uranium, or an alternative path, it was quickly discovered, which was to build a nuclear reactor and make plutonium – either way there was an enormous investment involved. There had to be trust on both sides. There wasn’t that trust, really, in Nazi Germany, but there was that trust in the USA.

Franklin Roosevelt had been in connection with the scientific establishment in the U.S. directly and indirectly for years. It was possible, drawing on this, that loose connection among these various academics and other scientists to show him step-by-step on paper, at least, that this project would have an immense effect on the war. The man who later on led the actual physical work on the bomb, Robert Oppenheimer, when he recruited scientists for this top-secret program, told them all, “I can’t tell you what we’ll be doing, but I can tell you that it will probably end the Second World War. And it may end all war.” &&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

They were eager to beat Germany to a bomb, because it was clear that a bomb could not only bring victory, but could even reverse defeat, and, in addition, in the larger view that Oppenheimer presented to them, they thought that this might be a contribution to a world without the World War – because the weapon would be so destructive that it would make it impossible for countries with such weapons to ever go to war with each other. That was the idea, the larger idea, behind what they were doing. They were, of course, perfectly aware that they were working on a weapon that would be immensely destructive. I don’t know that they have actually thought through the way it would be used.

The only one I’m really aware of… In fact, I wasn’t aware of the Nazi one that you just mentioned. But, the Japanese flew some hot-air balloons, paper balloons across the Pacific that had explosives hanging below them, with the hope that jet stream would carry those balloons into the United States and destroy whatever they might hit. And one of them, actually, took down a power line that was supplying energy to the plutonium separation factory in Washington states, on the Pacific coast of the United States, and actually shut the plant down for 24 hours, until they got another electric line up. That was purely coincidental, really. I don’t think that anyone came, to actually sabotaging anything.

One of the bombs has been tested, but it was tested in the desert in the Southeastern United States, and although it was obviously an enormous explosion, one of the people who observed said “We really didn’t think about this weapon being exploded over a city”. The people at Los-Alamos, where the bombs were built also assumed that there would be some kind of…that the Japanese would go to the bomb shelters as they did whenever fleet of bombers flew over to bomb a city, but of course, this was just going to be one plane, and the Japanese in Hiroshima assumed it was a weather plane, flying over to check the weather before a fleet of bombers might arrive. So, I don’t want to excuse them, I mean, the American policy was mass firebombing of Japanese cities. Every city in Japan of more 50,000 population had already been firebombed to utter destruction. The only reason Hiroshima and Nagasaki were around to be atomic bombed is that they have been set aside as targets by the United States air force. So, there’s no question that the military leadership certainly was aware of what it was doing, but it have been doing that with conventional firebombing for the previous 10 months. ***

There was an effort, once the catastrophic destruction caused by the Hiroshima bombing became clear, to everyone, there was an effort to alert the Japanese people – millions of leaflets were dropped by plane between August 6th and August 9th – the Nagasaki bombing – that said, basically, “Ask your leadership what happened at Hiroshima”. There was some attempt, however limited, by the Air Force to alert the Japanese people and not to use the second bomb. But it have been released and used, and it was indeed used as quickly as it was available.

Truman was shocked by the destructiveness of the weapon and famously told his vice-President: “I want to stop this if we can, I don’t like the idea of killing all those kids” – the children, he said. On the other hand, Los-Alamos was prepared, I remember seeing a memo, from Robert Oppenheimer to the general who ran the bomb program, that said: “If we can start making bombs using both uranium and plutonium in the same weapon” – a so-called “composite bomb” – “we could have 6 per month by October”. So I think it’s clear that at least in terms of having the weapons, that the U.S. would indeed have continued using them. There wasn’t much left in Japan to destroy. The next target, for which there was a bomb ready around the 10th of August, was going to be the railroad network in Japan, and that would have completed basically the starvation of the Japanese people.

The U.S. had made a decision to start bombing cities in 1943, in Europe. It had done so, at least, in part because we had not been able to invade Europe yet, and Stalin was greatly concerned and wasn’t at all sure that we were not trying to cause his defeat and destruction. We, on the other hand, were concerned that Stalin might sign a separate peace with the Germans, and complicate things for the U.S. So, what we had available was bombing, before we could move actual physical goods on to the ground, and when our bombing mechanism turned out not to work for high-precision targets, for hitting a particular factory, we did as the British had done before us: switched to area bombing. The logic was, well, if you’re bombing a factory, you’re killing the workers inside, so why not go ahead and bomb the neighborhood where they live as well? Then, you’ll be sure you kill the workers. But, actually, it was a rationale for the fact that bombs were delivered as far as 5km off target, given the technology of the day. With that move to bombing cities and then with even more deliberate move to firebombing Japanese cities, which were mostly made out of wood and paper, the moral question had already been resolved. I think Truman’s note to himself was, probably, self-protective.

The most recent and reliable scholarship by a Japanese-American scholar who lifted the Russian documents, Japanese documents and American documents, is that, indeed, it was the Russian invasion of Manchuria on the 8th of August… when Stalin got word of the Hiroshima bombing, he was finally convinced that this new famous weapon was not disinformation as he had suspected before, but was, in fact, a real thing, and decided to jump in. His original commitment was August 15th, which would be too late, Russian would not have been in the war at all, in the East. So, he decided to move in more quickly, on the 8th August and that seems to have been the decision that led the Japanese leadership to decide that they had to give up, because now they were faced with fresh armies on two sides, if you will. On the other hand, it was the weapons that led the Japanese Emperor to decide to enter the political system for the Japanese history and insist that the Japanese leadership commit to surrender. So, I think you have to think of it as the bombs were an indirect cause of the actions that led, really led, to the Japanese surrender. I don’t think without the bombs you would’ve had the same scenario.

The fact is, Stalin had been briefed at great length. There were an enormous number, really, relatively speaking, of Soviet espionage agents involved in the Manhattan project throughout the U.S. and England, and indeed, by then, they had plans for the… at least, a pretty good idea of what the weapons were and how they would work and so forth. That Stalin didn’t quite believe all this information is really quite interesting, but he had it at hand, and I think, his shrug about Truman’s information, was really just part of making sure Truman didn’t understand how much he knew.

The actual physical designs for the weapons themselves was being passed or would shortly be passed by mostly Americans and British compatriots who were involved in the espionage for rather idealistic reasons, and had delivered… I saw a copy of the plans for the bomb that I found in Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1992, with the actual dimensions of various parts, just before those were withdrawn from circulation by Russian scientists who rightly thought that they shouldn’t be out there for anyone to see. So everything was delivered, but again, going back to Adamsky’s comment – if the government didn’t trust its scientists, and Stalin didn’t trust the scientists, then the conditions weren’t right for the full-scale program, and in fact, the Soviet Union did not have a full-scale program until after the war. When Stalin learned of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, he called in the Russian scientists and said: “Give me the bomb, comrades, you have all of the resources of the state at your disposal”, and it took those scientists about the same amount of time as it took our scientists to build their first bomb. Bohr had gone back to Denmark after the war and surveillance, I think, was not the same there as it might have been in the United States. And, again, Bohr was very careful not to tell the Russians he spoke with anything that was officially secret. He did, inadvertently, give away an important piece of information, which was also given away, inadvertently, in a little book that was published by the Manhattan project, that described in unclassified terms the whole bomb program. But there was an important piece of information about the problem with the certain kind of power reactor that was being used to make plutonium, that had led to having to shut all of those down in the U.S. in the later 1940s for a couple of years until the problem was resolved. That’s the information that Bohr shared with the actually Russian espionage people who spoke with him. He was not, however, in any way, a spy, and I think you can see that looking back at his famous meeting with Werner Heisenberg in Copenhagen in the middle of the war when Heisenberg was kind of trying to pry out of him what the Americans were doing, and he was incensed and outraged and their friendship which had been very close, was ruined for the rest of his life.

They understood just how destructive this new weapon was, and they understood that as soon as another country had them, there would be a potential for a massively destructive war. They hoped, Bohr in particular, that if they could convince the statesmen of what would be the outcome of the world with nuclear weapons, that perhaps they could forestall that development, that if there could be some sort of international agreement, right after the war, perhaps it would be possible not to have an arms race, which is what they anticipated happening. And of course, the statesmen, really, were not prepared to hear that argument, didn’t really understand the change of scale of destructiveness that these new weapons would bring. As a result, we now have a kind of stalemate, but we have it with nuclear weapons all over the world, and the risk that follows from all those weapons, rather than before they were built. It might not have been realistic on their part, I think the people could imagine their way forward to such a world without actually building the weapons and experiencing that threat.

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   The Owl is Alert

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********washetoldihgggfdsouttv**((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((((delete

 

Traitor, Kim Philby, British intelligence MI6 did not repent that he worked for the USSR, shows for the first time made public the audio, British media reported.

At the edge of the nuclear abyss Path ************* spy 

One of the tables in the hall of the Washington restaurant “Occidental” until recently hung a sign, which read: “In the busy period the Cuban missile crisis in October 1962 at the table had a conversation mysterious Russian” Mr. X “with the correspondent of ABC television John Scali. On the basis of this meeting, the threat of nuclear war was averted. ”

Was this mysterious Russian Alexander S. Feklisov resident KGB intelligence in Washington. And for fifteen years before these events, he was directly involved in important information about nuclear issues. FORMATION OF INTELLIGENCE

Alexander S. Feklisov was born March 9, 1914 in Moscow Rogozhskoy outposts Working on the street, in the family of a railroad switchman, a native of the province of Tula peasants. In 1929 he graduated from the railway school seven years, and then – Factory School named after FE Dzerzhinsky at the locomotive depot Moscow-1 Kursk railway. He worked as an assistant engineer on the train. In 1939 he graduated from the Moscow Institute of radiofakultet Communication Engineers (MIIS) and was sent to work in the public security organs with admission to study at the School of Special Purpose (SEAN) NKVD, to train personnel for foreign intelligence. Began the days of hard studying, understanding the basics of intelligence: special disciplines, foreign language, political training. Many hours are devoted to training transfer to a telegraph key and reception by ear digital and letter of the text in Morse Code. From this, Alexander realized that he, apparently, to work abroad as a scout radio operator.

After graduating SEAN Feklisov was enrolled in the Department of American foreign intelligence security organs. He announced that soon he would be sent to work in the United States.

In October 1940, a young spy was sent for training to the US Department of the People’s Commissariat of the USSR. In those days, there was a practice when diplomats abroad travelers, took the People’s Commissar for Foreign Affairs Vyacheslav Molotov. Was no exception and Alexander. His conversation with Feklisov and two other diplomats, was assigned to work in England, Commissar began by saying that stressed – their way to their destination lies through Japan, as war rages in Europe. Molotov interested in biographies of departing, marital status and other issues. When it came to Alexander and he said that he had not yet married, People’s Commissar of the reaction was instantaneous

 

– How are you, my dear, to idle? We’re unmarried abroad do not send, especially in the United States. Once there you will pick up a beautiful blonde or brunette – and provocation ready

However, in the People’s Commissariat personnel officer broke in and said that “senior fellow workers” (ie, intelligence chiefs) characterize Alexander Feklisova as politically and morally stable person, and in addition, in the Soviet embassy and other Soviet institutions in the United States are working unmarried girls, and it can be found among them his companion (by the way, so then what happened). Molotov agreed with this view, the question of the mission was resolved favorably.

Commissar stressed that they will have to work in the face of a looming world war. He asked the diplomats to pay in the future work emphasis on identifying the secret plans and real steps the United States and England, aimed at rapprochement with Germany and the possible conclusion of the anti-Soviet alliance between them. During the conversation Molotov repeatedly pointed to the need to use all means to detect the secret plans of these countries in relation to the USSR.

Preparation Feklisova to work in New York residency coming to an end. In December 1940, it was made for radio. His trial took place in two stages: from the transmitting center in the NKVD building on Lubyanka Feklisov establishes communication with the radio center in Minsk, Kiev and Ashgabat. When this problem was solved by him, the young scout was sent to Batumi for the organization of radio communication with Moscow. It was a dress rehearsal before a business trip overseas. In early January 1941 Feklisov announced that it needs as quickly as possible to go to New York.

OCEAN

In his first trips abroad scout departed Jan. 17, 1941. Its a long way from Moscow to the place of work overseas lasted more than a month and was through Vladivostok, and then – through Japan. Alexander departed from Yokohama steamer Yavota-maru to San Francisco, and then – by train to New York. In the business and financial capital of the United States, he arrived only 27 of February.

In the USSR, the Consulate General in New York Feklisov held on the cover of the trainee. The duties of a scout for the cover-up included working with seconded and permanently residing in the consular district Soviet citizens, as well as with the sailors of the Soviet merchant ships calling at US ports.

In the first months of stay in the US Calistrat (this was the online alias operatives) are familiar with the city, improved knowledge of the language studied agent and operational situation in the country.

Only in April 1941, he announced that in accordance with the assignment of the Center he will solve the problem of establishing a silent two-way radio between residency and the Centre.

Explained that in the prewar years, the problem of establishing a stable radio across the Atlantic was in itself a very complex due to the imperfection of the apparatus. Furthermore, according to the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, signed in 1815, the use of radio to transmit encrypted messages generally not provided. Each embassy encrypt their despatches and in this form, please take them to the international telegraph cables as usual, making the appropriate fee. For any message had to pay a lot of money in hard currency, not to mention the fact that the local security services received copies of encrypted messages. Therefore, the use of covert distant radio to transmit encrypted messages intelligence was very urgent task.

At the same time the spy had the duty to engage in a Russian translation enters the residency of agents of information materials, choose a meeting place with agents for other members of the residency, aiming to give foreigners visiting the Soviet Consulate General and represents a possible intelligence interest.

Calistrat began work on the establishment of two-way radio with the Centre. At first, he could not communicate with Moscow because of the fact that the Soviet consulate, where there was equipment, surrounded by skyscrapers. Later, however, he established a high antenna, and Moscow began to receive its signals in the daytime and at night. New York residency began using a steady radio with the Center for urgent telegrams. It should be noted that both the Americans to bypass the Vienna Convention had in Moscow covert radio with Washington.

As we can see, the beginning of active operations Calistrat in New York coincided with the inexorably approaching war. On the inevitability of the German-Soviet military clash openly wrote local newspaper. The Soviet ambassador to the US, Konstantin Umansky, speaking at a meeting of the diplomatic staff of the Consulate General in New York in late April 1941, stated bluntly: “Hitler was intoxicated with success. In Europe, there is no power that could stop the Nazis. Hitler was preparing to attack the USSR, and apparently war with Germany when we all desire can not be avoided. ”

Ambassador prediction come true soon. Morning of June 22 KALISTRATOV reported the treacherous attack on the USSR, Germany. The staff of the Consulate General were transferred to the military situation.

Soon KALISTRATOV was commissioned to develop a number of promising foreigners, as well as manage the valuable agents through scientific and technical intelligence. Operatives have successfully coped with the task. He has been active on the American atomic weapons. From its sources were also obtained and sent to the Center for valuable information in the field of military aviation and the emerging missile technology, electronics, including the latest at the time of different types of sonar, radar, targeting systems, anti-aircraft radio controlled fuses, computers, extracted secret materials about the technology production of electronic devices.

Calistrat worked in the US until September 1946. After returning to Moscow, he was placed under the roof at the Foreign Ministry, where he served as third secretary of the department of the United Nations.

ON THE ISLAND

In early August 1947, it was decided to send Feklisova to England as deputy resident through scientific and technical intelligence. And in mid-September, he had to spend in London meeting with agent Charles – nuclear scientist Klaus Fuchs.

After the famous Fulton speech of former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced the introduction of the Iron Curtain in respect of the USSR (performance March 5, 1946 at Westminster College, the American city of Fulton, Missouri), began a long period of confrontation between the West and our country, known as “cold war. “Before the London station had the task to identify the secret plans of the US and Britain to prepare for the real war with the Soviet Union, as well as obtaining reliable secret information on the progress in these countries on nuclear weapons.

The first meeting of the spy with Klaus Fuchs was held in a pub in a remote area of central London. The password and recall, Calistrat and Fuchs left the bar and continued to meet on the street. Foreigner brought operatives important materials for the production of plutonium technology, which was in the British atomic research center at Harwell. Calistrat handed the agent assignment for the next meeting. After reviewing the issues of jobs, Fuchs said that according to their content it can be concluded that after two years in the Soviet Union will create its own atomic bomb. His foresight was justified: the first atomic bomb, created in Soviet efforts of Soviet scientists with great help of Klaus Fuchs and other reliable partners of foreign intelligence, was detonated at Semipalatinsk August 29, 1949, finally buried the US monopoly in this field.

Later in an interview, referring to the role of intelligence in the Soviet atomic bomb project, Feklisov emphasized:

“And we did that, and do not pretend. Exploration extracted valuable top-secret information, and our scientists are working on the problem. This is our way. By the way, the most reliable and promising scientific and technical information becomes useful only when falls on fertile ground when they realize its importance. So it was with information about nuclear weapons.

Our bomb created scientists, engineers, workers, rather than intelligence. In extremely difficult conditions, they were able to quickly create a nuclear shield for the Motherland. And the information obtained in the exploration, only accelerate this work. Nevertheless, in a letter to the leadership of Kurchatov MGB stressed: “The Soviet intelligence was invaluable in creating Soviet nuclear weapons.” Assessing the merits of our intelligence and scientists in the Soviet atomic bomb project, Academician Kurchatov noted that they are in the ratio of fifty-fifty. ”

Testing of the first atomic bomb in the Soviet Union sent shock waves around the world and shock in the US ruling elite who believe that our country has lagged behind America in this area for 10-15 years.

In government circles in the US and England came to the conclusion that the secrets of atomic weapons were kidnapped by Soviet agents working in the American Nuclear Research Centre in Los Alamos, where the American atomic bomb was created. The FBI launched a thorough investigation. Active study underwent all those who came to Los Alamos, including Klaus Fuchs. It was found that he leftist, kindly spoke of the USSR. In addition, in one of the documents submitted to the September 1945 Canadian intelligence services defector-cryptographer GRU residency in Ottawa, Igor Gouzenko, mentioned the name of our agent.

One of the tables in the hall of the Washington restaurant Occidental until recently hung a sign, which read, “In the busy period the Cuban missile crisis in October 1962 at the table had a conversation mysterious Russian” Mr. X “with the correspondent of ABC television John Scali. On the basis of this meeting, the threat of nuclear war was averted. ”

Was this mysterious Russian Alexander S. Feklisov resident KGB intelligence in Washington. And for fifteen years before these events, he is directly involved in important information about nuclear issues.

OCEAN

In his first trips abroad scout departed Jan. 17, 1941. Its a long way from Moscow to the place of work overseas lasted more than a month and was through Vladivostok, and then – through Japan. Alexander departed from Yokohama steamer “Yavota-maru” to San Francisco, and then – by train to New York. In the business and financial capital of the United States, he arrived only 27 of February.

In the USSR, the Consulate General in New York Feklisov held on the cover of the trainee. The duties of a scout for the cover-up included working with seconded and permanently residing in the consular district Soviet citizens, as well as with the sailors of the Soviet merchant ships calling at US ports.

In the first months of stay in the US “Calistrat” (this was the online alias operatives) are familiar with the city, improved knowledge of the language studied agent and operational situation in the country.

Only in April 1941, he announced that in accordance with the assignment of the Center he will solve the problem of establishing a silent two-way radio between residency and the Centre.

Explained that in the prewar years, the problem of establishing a stable radio across the Atlantic was in itself a very complex due to the imperfection of the apparatus. Furthermore, according to the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, signed in 1815, the use of radio to transmit encrypted messages generally not provided. Each embassy encrypt their despatches and in this form, please take them to the international telegraph cables as usual, making the appropriate fee. For any message had to pay a lot of money in hard currency, not to mention the fact that the local security services received copies of encrypted messages. Therefore, the use of covert distant radio to transmit encrypted messages intelligence was very urgent task.

At the same time the scout had the duty to engage in a Russian translation enters the residency of agents of information materials, choose a meeting place with agents for other members of the residency, aiming to give foreigners visiting the Soviet Consulate General and represents a possible intelligence interest.

“Calistrat” began work on the establishment of two-way radio with the Centre. At first, he could not communicate with Moscow because of the fact that the Soviet consulate, where there was equipment, surrounded by skyscrapers. Later, however, he established a high antenna, and Moscow began to receive its signals in the daytime and at night. New York residency began using a steady radio with the Center for urgent telegrams. It should be noted that both the Americans to bypass the Vienna Convention had in Moscow covert radio with Washington.

As we can see, the beginning of active operations “Kalistrat” in New York coincided with the inexorably approaching war. On the inevitability of the German-Soviet military clash openly wrote local newspaper. The Soviet ambassador to the US, Konstantin Umansky, speaking at a meeting of the diplomatic staff of the Consulate General in New York in late April 1941, stated bluntly: “Hitler was intoxicated with success. In Europe, there is no power that could stop the Nazis. Hitler was preparing to attack the USSR, and apparently war with Germany when we all desire can not be avoided. ”

Ambassador prediction come true soon. Morning of June 22 “KALISTRATOV” reported the treacherous attack on the USSR, Germany. The staff of the Consulate General were transferred to the military situation.

Soon “KALISTRATOV” was commissioned to develop a number of promising foreigners, as well as manage the valuable agents through scientific and technical intelligence. Operatives have successfully coped with the task. He has been active on the American atomic weapons. From its sources were also obtained and sent to the Center for valuable information in the field of military aviation and the emerging missile technology, electronics, including the latest at the time of different types of sonar, radar, targeting systems, anti-aircraft radio controlled fuses, computers, extracted secret materials about the technology production of electronic devices.

Calistrat worked in the US until September 1946. After returning to Moscow, he was placed “under the roof” at the Foreign Ministry, where he served as third secretary of the department of the United Nations.

ON THE ISLAND

In early August 1947, it was decided to send Feklisova to England as deputy resident through scientific and technical intelligence. And in mid-September, he had to spend in London meeting with agent “Charles” – nuclear scientist Klaus Fuchs.

After the famous Fulton speech of former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced the introduction of the Iron Curtain in respect of the USSR (performance March 5, 1946 at Westminster College, the American city of Fulton, Missouri), began a long period of confrontation between the West and our country, known as cold war. Before the London station had the task to identify the secret plans of the US and Britain to prepare for the real war with the Soviet Union, as well as obtaining reliable secret information on the progress in these countries on nuclear weapons.

The first meeting of the scout with Klaus Fuchs was held in a pub in a remote area of central London. The password and recall, Calistrat and Fuchs left the bar and continued to meet on the street. Foreigner brought operatives important materials for the production of plutonium technology, which was in the British atomic research center at Harwell. Calistrat handed the agent assignment for the next meeting. After reviewing the issues of jobs, Fuchs said that according to their content it can be concluded that after two years in the Soviet Union will create its own atomic bomb. His foresight was justified: the first atomic bomb, created in Soviet efforts of Soviet scientists with great help of Klaus Fuchs and other reliable partners of foreign intelligence, was detonated at Semipalatinsk August 29, 1949, finally buried the US monopoly in this field.

Later in an interview, referring to the role of intelligence in the Soviet atomic bomb project, Feklisov emphasized:

And we did that, and do not pretend. Exploration extracted valuable top-secret information, and our scientists are working on the problem. This is our way. By the way, the most reliable and promising scientific and technical information becomes useful only when falls on fertile ground when they realize its importance. So it was with information about nuclear weapons.

Our bomb created scientists, engineers, workers, rather than intelligence. In extremely difficult conditions, they were able to quickly create a nuclear shield for the Motherland. And the information obtained in the exploration, only accelerate this work. Nevertheless, in a letter to the leadership of Kurchatov MGB stressed; The Soviet intelligence was invaluable in creating Soviet nuclear weapons. Assessing the merits of our intelligence and scientists in the Soviet atomic bomb project, Academician Kurchatov noted that they are in the ratio of fifty-fifty. ”

Testing of the first atomic bomb in the Soviet Union sent shock waves around the world and shock in the US ruling elite who believe that our country has lagged behind America in this area for 10-15 years.

In government circles in the US and England came to the conclusion that the secrets of atomic weapons were kidnapped by Soviet agents working in the American Nuclear Research Centre in Los Alamos, where the American atomic bomb was created. The FBI launched a thorough investigation. Active study underwent all those who came to Los Alamos, including Klaus Fuchs. It was found that he leftist, kindly spoke of the USSR. In addition, in one of the documents submitted to the September 1945 Canadian intelligence services defector-cryptographer GRU residency in Ottawa, Igor Gouzenko, mentioned the name of our agent.

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February 17, 1920 was born Galina Fedorova, spy.

In exploration – from January 1939.

During the Great Patriotic War was at the disposal group of special purpose, in training to work behind enemy lines.

In 1946 she graduated from the two-year foreign language courses at the Graduate School of the MGB and was credited to the work of foreign intelligence.

Together with her husband – a spy M.V.Fedorovym – for a long time been on illegal work in one of the countries of Western Europe. Later repeatedly traveled abroad to address specific intelligence tasks.

She was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War and the Red Star, and many medals, as well as breast signs “Honorary member of the KGB” and “For Service in intelligence,” the colonel.

Scouts Illegal Fedorov wrote two interesting books: “Everyday Intelligence” (1994) and “The whole life of a conspiracy. Family history of illegal immigrants” (2002), which described the multi-faceted and complex work abroad.

Died on 26 May 2010.

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January 30, 1930 adopted a resolution for the first time at a high political and state level have been identified priority areas for intelligence activities.

Among the tasks assigned to the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service, were, inter alia, the following: identification of plans governing circles of Britain, Germany, France, Poland, Romania and Japan with respect to financial and economic blockade of the country; intensification of scientific and technical intelligence activities.

In fulfillment of this decree, foreign intelligence was able to get a large number of secret technical information on various industries and types of weapons.

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Foreign Intelligence Service
And in Spain, he was known as Commander Gregorio

In the summer of 1938 in Madrid residency NKVD went telegram from Lubyanka, in which senior military adviser to the 14th Special Republican corps, senior NKVD Major Gregory Syroezhkin ordered to leave for Moscow. Arriving in the capital at the end of the same year, he settled in the hotel “Moscow”. One evening in his room phone rang. Called an old friend by the foreign department, who confided to Gregory that the recently signed and announced, “who should be” closed the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of his award in a group of other security officers for their outstanding achievements in the fight against fascism in the Spanish Republic. Friend hinted that the case would be nice to be noted. Gregory went to the bar, bought a bottle of good cognac and hurried to a meeting with a friend. However, at the door of a hotel room scout faced three strangers who showed him an arrest warrant …

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Foreign Intelligence Service
January 25, 1926 was born Gohar Vardanyan Levonovna, Russian spy

At the age of 16 consciously chose a path of selfless service to the Motherland, the group entered her future husband and collaborator – Gevork Vartanian, with whom he was actively involved in intelligence work in difficult conditions.

In 1943, this group has been involved in conducting security operations Tehran Conference.

The events in Tehran told in the movie “True story. Tehran-43”, filmed by the studio “Artel” commissioned by the First Channel of the 90th anniversary of the Foreign Intelligence Service.

In 1951, the couple Vartanian were withdrawn in the USSR, in 1956 successfully graduated from the Yerevan Institute of Foreign Languages. This was followed by many years of work couple scouts illegals Gohar and Gevorg Vartanian in extreme conditions in many countries around the world.

In 1986, after 30 years of fruitful work illegally Levonovna Gohar and Gevorg A. returned home.

Merit GA Vartanian to the Motherland marked Red Banner, World War II degree, and many medals.

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The US and Russia: Security at the Olympic Games in Sochi

Veteran of the Soviet and Russian intelligence Yuri Kobaladze in an interview with the Russian service of “Voice of America” gave examples of how the security services of Russia and the United States have collaborated in the past.

“The Foreign Intelligence Service of Russia in the early 90s was initiated close cooperation with Western intelligence agencies, including the Americans – and tells Kobaladze. – The message was very simple: we said that intelligence activities, of course, does not stop, we were like her, so keep and will, but there is a common ground where we can work together, and this cooperation should be developed. These points are: the fight against terrorism, the fight against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction against drug trafficking. ”

Yuri Kobaladze recalls that he personally participated in the first historic visit to the United States, when we met with our counterparts in Washington, and we took while CIA Director James Woolsey. Says veteran Russian intelligence, after revelations in 1994 worked for Russian intelligence CIA officer Aldrich Ames strong relationship soured, the Americans took it badly.

Now, before the Olympics in Sochi, this cooperation has a chance to be reborn again – cooperation offered and UK Prime Minister of the time David Cameron – believed the former head of the Office of Public Relations Russian intelligence.

 

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Foreign Intelligence Service
Operation to penetrate the secrets of the Foreign Office.
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Foreign Intelligence Service
Kremlin agent escaped from London to Moscow

Recently turned 50 years to the day, as the USSR was granted political asylum Kim Philby. This date reminds us that the staff of Western intelligence agencies have repeatedly sought shelter in Russia before. Although it is difficult to find anything in common between the computer geek Edward Snowden, whose motives are not clear, and British intelligence, who was a staunch anti-fascist. On the eve of the war, when Britain was negotiating with Hitler, Philby saw in the Soviet Union force that can stop the Nazis, and began to help.

Foreign Intelligence Service
July 25, 1913 was born John Cairncross, one of the members of the Cambridge Five.

Excellent education and outstanding personal qualities analyst and linguist allowed Dzh.Kernkrossu high up in the hierarchy of British intelligence and English society as a whole. Cooperate with the Soviet foreign intelligence began in the mid-1930s, while still a student. On the instructions of the Center joined the Ministry of Finance, produced important information on economic issues.

In September 1941, the Center transmitted document of exceptional importance – the report “Uranium Committee”, stating the beginning of work in the UK and the US to develop nuclear weapons.

Since 1942, he served in the decryption unit of British Intelligence. From him came only valuable information of a military nature. In particular, the codes transmitted to them by fascist aircraft call signs, uncovered by British intelligence agencies helped destroy the Soviet command on the eve of the Battle of Kursk significant part of German aircraft directly on the ground.

In 1944 he was transferred to work in British intelligence, dealing with issues related to Yugoslavia. After World War II, he returned to work at the Ministry of Finance.

In 1952 he came under suspicion of British intelligence and was forced to resign. Worked as a teacher in Canada, then in the structure of the United Nations in Rome.

In 1981, responding to questions in Parliament, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher publicly acknowledged that Dzh.Kernkross was a Soviet spy.

He died in October 1995.

 

Declassified documents from the case of Vladimir Barkovsky. Photos of the press office of the Foreign Intelligence.

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July 21, 1900 was born Leonid Leonidovich Linitsky, a Soviet spy-illegal.

With foreign intelligence began working in 1933 in Belgrade. Engaged in the development of the White Guard emigre organizations.

In 1935, as a result of betrayal Belgrade police arrested and sentenced to two years and eight months’ hard labor. After serving his sentence was launched in Moscow. His behavior during the investigation and in prison, it was recognized by the Centre, “impeccable.”

In 1944 he was thrown out by parachute into Yugoslavia to coordinate with the Yugoslav resistance movement. Its tasks successfully completed, was awarded the Order of the Yugoslav fighting “Guerrilla Star III level.”

In 1950, as a scout-illegal left to perform special tasks, first in India and then – in China. However, his work was interrupted by the sudden death.

January 25, 1954 L.L.Linitsky died while on duty.

Operation to penetrate the secrets of the Foreign Office.

Rupture of diplomatic relations between Britain and the USSR in 1927 in London to act “legal” residency, which comes from an important political information from the Foreign Ministry and the Interior Ministry, the various political parties, the British counterintelligence.

In 1933 in London was sent a scout-illegal A.Deych who actually supervised the work of illegal residency. In 1933, it was sent to an outstanding scout-illegal D.Bystroletov tasked with recruiting cypher British Foreign Office. This recruitment took place in 1934, with the result that foreign intelligence gained access to the secrets of British diplomacy.
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(C-I) Diary Extracts No. VI

Secret Intelligence Service

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Adversitate. Custodi. Per Verum