FARC 1

.

ARCHIVE

30 04 2014

Cocaine. The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)

FARC2

Latin America; the Marxist- Leninist group ‘Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia’ consist of around 10,000-12,000 well-armed and organised fighters (according to various sources) and who inhabit the Colombian jungle. Many think little to be done with them, ie. the Colombian army, armed and trained by U.S. armed forces, nor the American special forces, nor the U.S. as instructors and experts. There still hasn’t been found an answer to a very seemingly simple question, which is; ‘how the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia can after fifty years, still wage war with the government?’

Oddly enough, there is now a good amount of information regarding the FARC appearing on the internet, there are even websites in different languages, even so the vast majority of people do not know a great deal about them or the events surrounding them. Nor it has to be said what they are responsible for delivering in colossal quantity onto the world stage.

A brief scan

South Columbia. Herein, from the spurs of the Cordillera to the border with Venezuela and Brazil lies a literal sea of dense green jungle. There are no large cities or large towns, more individual farms, very small villages (pueblos) consisting of around five households, and in sparse various Indian settlements. Around these is dense jungle. Hundreds and hundreds of miles of plains and river flood plains are teeming with twilight shadows, giant vines intertwined, soaked fumes sloshing underfoot, wetlands ringing the morass of local mosquitoes and singing native frogs and so on and so forth. The mountainous jungle regions are very dry in contrast, scrubby, with thorny branches and tenacious, dense, fine-leaved canopies blocking out the sky. To the southwest , on the border with Ecuador is such mountain jungle. In the east, along the borders with Venezuela the terrain appears flat. There are almost no roads, few strands are drawn from village to village. What roads there are, are patrolled by the army and police, employing the use of checkpoints , thus embodying the state power. Part of the jungle is officially recognized by the state as being of ‘zones to restore order ‘ and not valid with regard to civil laws and the Constitution of Colombia. The entire executive power is vested in the military. However, it is the case that after a hundred meters on either side of the road, this power comes to an abrupt end. Then begins a very solid wood wall, in the depths of which, as expected, there are all sorts of ‘goings-on’ for want of a better description. This, in reference to very many carefully cultivated coca plantations, which employ peasants from the nearest village. The land is securely hidden in caches which house various well stocked laboratories that turn the leaves of this exotic and highly lucrative bearing plant into cocaine. Then there are the improvised runways for the various cartel aircraft. Apparently you can see and even meet with the Indians, for which all the wonders of an old civilization persist. At the same time the important presence which lives beneath the forest canopy, and beneath the canopy of sophisticated camouflage tent s live members of the modern gerrileros, the FARC.

FARC4

History of the FARC – brief

During the late 1950s in Colombia, the civil war ended, this between the liberals and conservatives (supporting large landowners and local oligarchs), known in history as the ‘Spanish Violencia. This war actually cost the lives of at least 200,000 Colombians. But as often happens in the history of revolutions and civil wars, elite liberals and conservatives could could come to an agreement and even create a unity government. Within, both parties simply began to succeed each other in the presidential palace and government every four years. It was at this time, that residents of rural Colombia created the first self-defence units , which became the backbone of the future, in the future of guerrilla groups. They began to form so-called independent republics, these the zones of influence of the rebels. The largest was a hotbed of peasant resistance ‘ Marquetalia colony’ situated at the foot of the Cordillera Central, covering more than 4000 sq km.

The leader of the guerrilla struggle in the Marquetalia was a young gerrilero, called Manuel Marulanda, nicknamed ‘Sniper’ (born May 13, 1930 in the village of Hönow, near Quindio) . eal name; Pedro Antonio Marin. The young evolutionary Manuel Marulanda Velez succeeded him, to immortalise the name of the leader of the Communist Party of Colombia, who was killed for heading a protest against sending the Colombian military contingent to the war in Korea. During his liberal beliefs Marin – Marulanda was subjected to repression by the reactionary government, and for several months was in hiding in the mountains. Of his cousins, he created the first partisan detachment in Quindio, and then moved south to join the liberal rebels there. During the early 1950’s his political views underwent a major change, and he joined the Communists. In 1962, the ‘independent republic ‘ Marquetalia’s first regular units came under attack by government forces totaling 6,500 soldiers, but he managed to survive. Naturally, these poor peasants, who believed that Jesus Christ was a ‘gringo’ and lived somewhere near Bogotá, were not aware of the existence of Karl Marx and the ideological battles taking place on a global scale. However, following the Cuban Revolution,Washington were very concerned that the whole of Latin America would follow Fidel Castro and accordingly allocated a great deal of resource in fighting the ‘contagion’. Amazingly certain of the Colombian officials found a way to dilute ‘Big Brother, the United States’ for financial aid. The ‘Independent Republic’ was presented as being a gang of Commies, who were just waiting for the secret signal from Radio Havana. As a consequence significant subsidies were received via U.S. arms and military advisers. On May 27, 1964, the army launched an operation whose purpose was to once and for all put an end to ‘communist outlaws’. Against 48 gerrileros of Marquetalia were thrown 16,000 soldiers and officers, almost a third of the entire Colombian army. Killing squads trained at U.S. military bases, used modern technology, they resorted to the tactic of scorched earth, bombed and fired via air attack. Of course the main losses were among the peasants. The Marquetalia army was defeated, however and as a consequence. Manuel Marulanda with few companions did manage to hide in the mountains. There, he was able, in a very short time, to combine multiple independent peasant into self-defence groups , to bring to life the local ‘Makhnovshchina’ (particularly recalcitrant leaders). Very soon and under his auspices emerged a large compound. Yet poorly armed and little disciplined, they rallied around hated of the government troops and the gringos (U.S. residents ).

It is with the advent of 27 Maya. 1964 the history dates back to the FARC.

FARC5   FARC6

 

 

Secret Intelligence Service

Adversitate. Custodi. Per Verum