Hello to you, my dear friend. I am not a human, I am a Humanoid and I live and work in The People’s Republic of China
I am the future
China’s first interactive robot
WHAT MIGHT THE FUTURE HOLD FOR PEOPLE IN THE GLOBAL, CITIZEN-LESS, ROBOTIZED ECONOMY?
THE NEW HUMANOID WORLD
What was a fantasy a mere decade ago is now a reality. The utilization of robotics and AI is already phasing out traditional labor and promises a vastly different future global ‘people – scape’, so what lies in store for the destined to be under – employed, more likely unemployed people? It is one thing to speculate but the economic and social changes this innovation is heralding are available for scrutiny.
Which economy and who within it is likely to suffer most during the adaption process? What are the implications?
Who are the undoubted arbiters of human destiny in this respect; The USA, Russia and/or the People’s Republic of China? We say undoubtedly the latter, and offer explanations as to how and why.
Note : Most recent updates appear last, though not necessarily. This conversation dates immediately as movement is extremely rapid
(C-I) (C-III) (C-V)
First, besides autonomous vehicles, to explore some of the new applications of the fourth industrial revolution – in manufacturing, wholesale and retail, and professional, scientific and technical sectors
Second, the expected pycho-social implications of the emerged (transformational) globalised, reality
Third, in this respect the attributes of resistance to change and innovation
Fourth, NGOs focusing on socially and environmentally hostile environments. eg. mining in Africa
Fifth, contrariwise, is it the case that humans are becoming less intelligent? If so, who in particular and why/how? Conversely and collectively, who is becoming more intelligent?
Sixth, the emergence of NANO ROBOTICS appears below, and the application in warfare is covered elsewhere
Seventh, to address the ‘issue’ poised by certain factions that the future is a ‘designer future’ of ‘designer citizens’ perceived and created by core elite controllers (ourselves) – as opposed to the future being a mutually adjusted evolution.
Robots are poised to replace many if not all worker ants of industry. By 2020, or before, artificial intelligence will be sophisticated enough to push many out of the job market as all know it.
The future of technology growing ever more brightly will signal lights out for taxi drivers, bankers and customer service agents. Six percent of jobs will be taken by “early-stage intelligent agents – humanoids,” by 2020, or before.
By 2020, at the latest, solutions powered by AI/cognitive technology will displace jobs, with the biggest impact felt in; transportation, logistics, customer service, and consumer services.
But these industries are not the only ones that will replace their ‘ordinary human’ employees with something on the face of it similar, but altogether different. 7.1 million jobs will be replaced with algorithms, two-thirds of which will be concentrated in the Office and Administrative job family.
Self-driving cars will be introduced within the next decade, constituting a direct threat to taxi and trucking industries – as well as the auto industry itself. Sales of vehicles will sink 50 percent over the next 25 years when self-driving cars become viable in the marketplace.
Humanoids will replace teenagers behind the counter of fast food restaurants.
Humanoids are always polite, they always up sell, they never take a vacation, they never show up late, there’s never a slip-and-fall, or an age, sex, or race discrimination case.
(C-I) When I introduced the question/s to some of my colleagues the response given me was that I suddenly had masses of information to explore, this indicative of incredible energy. This is a topic of such magnitude in all directions, excitement too, and I think we could spend forever in it. Automation has been around for decades now, but the current advances in AI are a literal quantum mind-blowing leap into the cosmos.
Most importantly; what will be the impact on the United Kingdom?
Let’s explore China, first :
Self-powered smart skin which detects location and velocity
A photograph of an artificial hand covered by two-dimensional analogue smart skins on the curved back of the hand and one-dimensional analogue smart skins on the middle finger.
In order to make robots and robotic technology more human-like and more human-friendly, smart skin technology is a critical element that helps robots sense the world. These electronic or smart skins could help machines to accurately perceive the environment and better assist human owners.
A self-powered smart skin has recently been developed by a team of Chinese researchers. fundamentally. In this work, the scientists combine the tribo-electric effect and planar electrostatic induction and apply it in a subtle device structure for the first time to create a self-powered analogue smart skin.
A team led by Professor Haixia Zhang at Peking University has presented a self-powered analogue smart skin to detect location as well as contact velocity, based on a single-electrode contact electrification effect and planar electrostatic induction.
“We use spontaneous tribo-electric charges, combined with planar electrostatic induction, to sense the touch applied on the smart skin,” Zhang explains. “Tribo-electric charges occur in our daily life everywhere when two surfaces touch each other. And when the charged surface approaches a metal block (or electrode) it will induce the opposite charge, which is the so-called ‘electrostatic induction’ effect.”
The beauty of this approach is that it makes use of the charges from tribo-electric effects – which exist everywhere.
Robots are becoming more like people – understatement
Researchers involved in the creation of “substitute” person. As the saying goes, and in parts or completely.
Russian scientists from Moscow State University and the Scientific Center of Neurology feel the hand exoskeleton controlled by a non-invasive interface “brain-computer”.
These exoskeletons are used in cases of brain damage: when a person wants to restore limb movement or has difficulties speech after a stroke. The main task, according to developers – the maximum “turn on” the patient. For example, the technology allows it to rehabilitate the same hand with the help of the signals sent by the brain. Connected equipment removes EEG and exoskeleton, set on the hand, the electrical impulses are transmitted. Recovery is due to the brain.
For example, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have designed not simply a copy of the human skeleton, and covered it with layers of artificial muscles. Reduced those under the influence of an electric current. And even the muscles in humanoid robot as much as in humans.
Each muscle is able to shrink or relax in response to flowing through them current. As explained by experts, real-time control of individual muscle groups in the mode allows the robot to move the arms, legs, head, and so on
Artificial muscles on a human skeleton – it is one of the most important areas of the world of robotics. For example, a robot with muscles and physique man invented by European engineers: his limbs can move just like a human hand, changing the tension of the muscles.
A US unit to create artificial muscles, even flew to the space – a year ago, went on board the International Space Station. Experts decided to test the suitability of this technology for use in orbit. In particular, when long-distance flights. The muscle-based synthetic – electro-active polymer gel. Under the electricity it changes shape or size. However, experts say, there are a number of problems to be solved to make full use of “muscle” of robots in such corrosive conditions: weightlessness, altered gravity and extreme temperatures.
In another terrestrial experiment; researchers exposed artificial muscles to gamma radiation, which is 20 times the lethal dose for humans – 300 thousand rad. Researchers claim: under the influence of radiation, polymer only changed the color and had no effect on its conductivity and performance. It steadfastly resisted and cooled to -271 C. On board the space station one of the important stages of the test polymer muscles will be sending them to via another rover to planet Mars.
Of course, the same Japanese miracle allowance anatomy still can not walk on their own, “accrued” muscles are much slower than the natural. But technology is developing rapidly, so no one doubts: have long to wait for the artificial muscles in performance will not differ from the natural. And, perhaps, surpass them.
New Zealand. University of Auckland
Beyond AI Simulation – BABY X
Photograph Baby X. Copyright (c) 2017. Courtesy Laboratory for Animate Technologie
Currently the digital creation by former Hollywood special effects sage Mark Sagar and his company Soul Machines is far more than AI simulation. It is causing a roar because of the question; what are the applications and by implication, what novel applications can now be conceived?
The elaboration of Baby X took a number of years and is based upon an incredibly accurate model of the human face and nervous system. It was created by teams of software engineers and neuro-physiologists.
BabyX can smile, frown and track the movement of a person in front of a computer screen.
In the development of VIRTUAL AGENTS, one of the most difficult problems is to make the creations as lifelike as possible. Sagar’s company, working at the University of Auckland, New Zealand is pioneering this field.
“Since my 20s, I’ve had these thoughts – can a computer become intelligent, can it have consciousness, burning in my mind. We want to build a system that not only learns for itself but that is motivated to learn and to interact with the world. And so I set out with this goal of trying to build a computational model of human consciousness.” Mark Sagar
BabyX consists of several layers of facial bones and facial musculature. Importantly it ALSO HAS A DETAILED HUMAN BRAIN MODEL SIMULATING ITS INNER NEURAL AND CHEMICAL PROCESS AS WELL AS MEMORY FUNCTION MECHANISM. >> Its emotional intelligence based on machine learning, allows the expression of emotions with voice and also to recognize human emotions via a camera and to mimic them. <<
“They are emotionally responsive. They can not only understand human emotions but also express their feelings, as humans do,” – Greg Cross, Soul Machines chief business officer
The virtual baby can also answer questions and play. In its latest version, BabyX has a full body that sits in a chair.
Last year, Soul Machines attracted a $7.5 million investment from Hong Kong-based AI and virtual reality investor, Horizon Ventures.
The company has already launched its first commercial product based on the BabyX technology. It is called NADIA, a pretty woman with brown hair and Cate Blanchett’s voice. It can speak, read and chat online and will be used by the Australian National Disability Insurance Scheme to help disabled people interact with the company’s services.
The interesting question is; what are the applications and by implication, what altogether novel applications can now be conceived?
The global industrial sector and Chinese economy have both entered a new phase of development, and China’s reform agenda embraces massive potential for improving the industrial sector.
If you look at what’s happening at the moment around in the automation industry, it is facing the fourth industrial revolution – featuring the smart use of the Internet in the industrial context.
The shift in the sector is to connect machines, services and people with the Internet, or “Internet of Things, Services and People” (IoTSP). Yes!
IoTSP enables the integration of things that generate big data, then collects and analyzes this data to help improve productivity and reliability.
For example, there are robots in factories (well, there are in China) that have sensors (‘smart sensor solution’) that send signals to the cloud repository service to be analyzed. Technicians use the resultant data to optimize production.
Together with the global industrial changes, China’s reform agenda, as outlined in the 13th Five-Year Plan, is offered myriad upon myriad opportunities for pioneering technology.
Energy structure evolution and growth of renewable energy will be a massive area of growth in China. In addition,it is predicted that demand for novel technology and services in this regard will also be extremely high.
THE UNITED KINGDOM
Humanoid Amelia. Photograph © 2017 courtesy Ipsoft
A North London council is to be one the first government bodies to employ a hyper-intelligent, self-learning robotic worker to assist with customer service.
Labour-run Enfield council is ready to roll out the ‘virtual employee’—called Amelia— during autumn 2016. The artificial intelligence, created by New York-based technology firm IPSoft, is able to track customers’ emotions and simultaneously hold thousands of conversations.
The ‘cognitive agent’ will be able to answer questions and assist with certifying licensee and permit applications via text chat or speaking digital avatar.
If Amelia is unable to answer a question, the AI will call a human colleague to help and learn from the subsequent interaction, enabling her to assist with a similar question the next time it comes up.
“Customers shouldn’t even notice they’re dealing with Amelia,” said Enfield Council’s Director of Finance, Resource and Customer Services James Rolfe.
“It’s about freeing up our people so they’re not dealing with routine stuff that Amelia can deal with swiftly, so they’re free to deal with more complex problems.”
“We’re excited to have the first government deployment and we see an absolutely massive opportunity for these type of technologies to provide front line services.”
(C-I) So, what it means for our society, I mean the remit is to ask; what for the displaced? But it’s not so easy to confine to that group. Though we can begin there, if you like.
(C-III) I have a report on that with implications for displacement of vehicle drivers in particular. Here it is from 04/2016
South Korea’s automaker Hyundai and its affiliate Kia Motors have announced a strategy to develop artificial intelligence -based, Internet-connected cars to create a new future lifestyle with a “driving, high-performing computer.”
The driving computer is a car – a high-performing computer in itself, as the car to be developed with self-drive capacity based on AI and connected to electronic devices while driving based on Internet connectivity.
The main concept is a “hyper-connected and intelligent car,” – an interaction between cars and between cars and home and office in addition to an AI-based self-driving.
To achieve the objective, the automakers intend to focus on four major themes, which are;
Intelligent remote-controlling support service
The remote-controlling support service will check and examine cars in real-time to detect potential emergency situations in advance.
The perfect self-driving is aimed at creating safe-driving by exchanging information with everything, including cars and roads.
Smart traffic is designed to reduce time and energy by analyzing traffic conditions and discovering an optimized route of arriving at a destination.
Mobility hub; this is a car or ‘hub’ linked Internet-connected device/s.
The hyper-connected and intelligent car aims to enable smartphone functions to be reproduced within a car.
The smart home connection service targets a remote control within a car to the home environment.
USA. Self-driving 3D printed bus named ‘Olli’ can be hailed via app & learn skills
Photograph. Local Motors CEO John B. Rogers, 2016. Fort Washington, MD. Courtesy © Rich Riggins / IBM
The way humans travel, workout, and even socialize are being questioned by a 3D printed autonomous shuttle bus named ‘Olli’, which can think for itself using a highly intuitive computer system designed by IBM. (* Also see the Future City website)
With the capacity for 12 passengers, the neat-looking electric vehicle unveiled by manufacturers Local Motors on 16/06/2016 will take to the roads in Washington DC, Miami and Las Vegas.
The technology company has built a series of 3D printed vehicles, put together by teams of engineers in facilities described as micro factories in Berlin, Arizona, Tennessee and Maryland.
Olli is the first car to use IBM Watson software, designed to learn new skills and advise its user.
By combining IBM’s advanced computing with Olli’s 360 degree multi-sensory technology, creators say they have put their foot down and accelerated into the world of intelligent self-driving vehicles.
The smart vehicle has the ability to engage with passengers on their journey, its creators say, recommending popular restaurants or destinations as it scoots through city streets. It can also be hailed by its passengers via smartphone app.
Every rider’s experience is unique to their needs and destination.
A video published by Local Motors shows the talkative, robot chauffeur describing its possible functions, including acting as a university campus taxi service, a mobile gym, a “bus-cafe hybrid” and even a meeting room that picks up people.
(C-III) I haven’t read any real answers regarding where in the US, the displaced people/employees will actually go. While examining the demise of the auto industry there, it wasn’t only automation that took away jobs, it was foreign competition in its many highly competitive facets and who charged ahead, became dominant in the market. With AI applications, I can see that it’s the ‘service industry’ – for example; fast food but not confined to it, that will become affected (innovated) first. It’s easy to foresee the outcome (and certain big employers in the US have already been voicing their intention to de-humanize the environment and replace with humanoid), that will ensue. The future is both extremely bright and pretty dim, depending where you look.
We’ll talk about how the UK is encouraging the change by facilitating requisite educational programs and information strategies. We can talk about how the UK system will produce a positive outcome – via the support for this to become the case, whereas for example, across the southern states of the US and Mid-West and because the same facility for accessible education is arguably not the case, some are heralding a new serfdom. But it doesn’t have to be that way. The expectation cycle that ferments and perpetuates in areas of stagnation can be broken, but it needs commitment from all concerned and is an acknowledged cost to the govt.
(C-I) You should use the word ‘humanoid-ize’. Well, when countless are displaced by the humanoids the system as it is will have to accommodate. What accommodation actually means is the issue. The soaring profitability that comes with having little to no requirement to pay wages will run parallel to the cost to the system because of the requirement to support the many displaced (dumped). Maybe it will not support them? The US not the UK Welfare State that is universally accessed and enjoyed. Maybe it will be a dust bowl era situation in the US? According to the stats the age for death is lower now than ever, other than for the centers of excellence – such as New York, San Francisco and the like (East coast – West coast). Of course, there is the future environment around the AI applications which is to serve the ”machine environment” in some capacity, exactly what capacity is, if there is little to no comprehending of it fostered by the powers that be, let alone understanding – just a thought.
Importantly, because our remit is the New Mind War, it is imperative we address the ease by which such a change is being facilitated here. There is, in the UK, a massive effort to assist in private sector scientific and technological development; from the perspective of employers/future employers whose primary concern is innovation. There is also in tandem assistance for people generally, not only employees who must change, but the nation as a whole. Obviously ’employees’ is a crucial word because it involves the conceptually new, the training that is and will be available. If people are made redundant (told to **** *** in the US), in the UK there is a whole gamut of vocational training for jobs and much is free. The latter (ours) is obviously better state of affairs.
What I’m saying is; there is not and will never be masses of people set adrift here. That’s a ridiculous assertion. It’s not only a humanitarian issue to have masses of people wandering aimlessly and without support, but a serious security concern too.
(C-III) When you say ‘service the machine environment’ when for example CAD/CAM was introduced into the manufacturing industry, when Fleet Street went digital, (away from type-setting) both brought a need for understanding the requirement and for the new knowledge-based tech jobs. If the humanoids replace service workers en-mass, as you say, for many across areas in the US that’s all there is, what does that suggest to you?
(C-I) At the supermarket I will not interact with a person but a humanoid who is not only there to check me out, answer my questions regarding where things are, but who has responsibility for all of the associated tasks that constitute a supermarket. “Thank you my dear, what an absolutely delightful woman you are, it’s been a pleasure, do please come again. Here are some vegan food vouchers. Thank you so much.”
(C-III) Quite. What are your thoughts on how the implementation of the new technologically advanced world will be accommodated by people across it, from a psychological perspective?
(C-I) Obviously it depends who you are on about. Initially one of questioning the legitimacy of what is being presented to them, its effect upon the psyche, but in societal systems where insecurity abounds because people live pay cheque to pay cheque, if they are even getting one, there are not so many ‘jobs’ to begin with and what there are, if you can call them that pay little – your guess is as good as mine. I’m NOT referring to the United Kingdom. I keep saying this because it is the case.
Questioning the legitimacy of something new is normal phenomena, but when the new usurps, when identity issues are involved (humanoids do not look like machines), it’s a matter of personal as well as economic survival. Whether the system in the US is able to support (economically and psycho-dynamically) I can’t say. Like I said, we do not dump people on the street. Across the US there are 30 million people claiming food stamps – can their system support that figure multiplied by whatever?
In an ideal scenario, the implementation of new technologies is a process that begins with gradual familiarization and acceptance of the different and the new, toward a mutually beneficial state of affairs, whereby requisite training and opportunity, ie. by virtue of inclusion becomes embraced. In other words; it is not a complete turnover of personnel. But if there is the opportunity for the free market economy whose bottom line is profit to embrace a situation devoid of human beings who need pay, who require personnel management, et cetera, it’s not difficult to see which the free market would opt for.
Conceptually, humanoids are a lot for most to take on, simply because they do not (certainly will not) look like robots. Though that is not a consideration, is it? Some whose very existence depends upon their job and in this, there are many might not want to take it on and opt for whatever else there can be. Perhaps living off the land? Singing a hymn? Singing two hymns? Singing lots of hymns? Huh.
One other thing; personally I would not want to stack shelves for a living, “Gee, I can’t get the tins of baked beans straight today,” mop floors, clean toilets of crap and piss, serve fast food shit either, “You clicked your fingers for me, oh there’s not enough red source on your burger, well how about this, see if it makes your hair grow, fatso,” and it is a very sad state of affairs when this type of work is grasped for as if it were something worth doing.
What about the higher order facets of life? There should be more than eating, drinking, performing mindless crap and visiting the bathroom. We have services in the form of a mega-transport infrastructure, bullet trains, trams, buses to get people places, art galleries, museums, sports centers, vocational colleges, universities…everything there is under the sun. The point being that a person is not likely to be marooned in a confused zombie state because she or he has been bumped by a humanoid, because if this transpires so does the prospect of radicalization.
It is possible to be released from the menial, the insult to the mind and the purpose of life become reappraised, to move away from servitude to one of a burgeoning appreciation of new experience. This is facilitated by the system here. If you are talking about where there is absolutely **** *** to begin with, quite literally **** ***, then I don’t know and who cares anyway?
(C-III) Is that your summation?
(C-III) I thought you would have addressed the issue of threat – the reaction, how it’s assimilated and the nature of the ensuing manifestation.
(C-I) Again I have to say it’s where you are on about. Basically, there is a continuum which runs from those completely stupid (made and kept that way) and unable to deal with anything irrespective of what it is, and at the opposite extreme those who are eager and willing to grab the new before it arrives. I wouldn’t like to say where I think most of the first category are situated.
Incubated stagnation and poverty-ridden squalor is not a good prerequisite to anything that presumes a commitment to the future, irrespective of how the new is perceived. It’s a viscous circle – cycle of deprivation, because where protectionist attitudes prevail – in their many forms, these reinforced by idiots who are in control and who want to keep it like that – like them,supposed leaders I mean, there is little to no incentive whatsoever for those who have the means to introduce something which would change things, or to even make the attempt.
(C-III) Proper leadership, in a broad sense, is a vital ingredient because understanding filters down, if it is absent in the leadership the effect can only be negative in this respect.
(C-I) Of course and it depends what the leadership’s ‘achievement’ is perceived to be, by them, that they have one which is useful. If the leaders are not globally aware and own some other agenda instead, the result is zilch.
What is claimed to be the case by ‘certain’ has to actually be the case, it cannot be a fantasy, it’s impossible to sugar coat stagnation – towns and cities in the first world which are more indicative of the third world. If there is **** ***, it is very obviously so to all who care to look, if they can be bothered to. Again, I don’t wish to say where upon the cosmic sphere I’m referring to.
When you look at the UK, at all the regions, they are fantastically (globally) inter-connected via highly educated and enthusiastic minds. This is not exaggeration nor is untrue and anyone who looks can see what we have, it’s all here, you can see their achievements in reality.
This is the ideal, which is why presentations of future states of affairs become a reality pretty quickly.
(C-III) When you say ‘achievements of leaders’ – their perceptions which are not useful, do you want to expand on this?
(C-I) Not really. I’d much rather concentrate on the factors which are positive. I mean what is happening here in the UK. Looking at ‘that lot’ and where they are and how they are is depressing. The situations which they create and perpetuate are depressing. Nothing has changed for centuries, nor will it, and it’s no exaggeration. I’ll show you, if you like. You can see how examples of the absolute worst case scenarios, why they are that way, and by virtue of that state of affairs we do the very opposite.
The point being that all facets of meaningful life have to be in place, which they are here in the UK. If those in control ‘elsewhere’ think messages are coming to them out of the ether, voices out of the sky and they do, you can read their irrational ****, comedians if they ever were any, I’ve lost my train of thought. Ha. Ha. Ha.
(C-III) There’s nothing wrong with what people think, as long as it’s not all they think?
(C-I) It is all they think. How are you supposed to introduce innovative concepts such as those we are talking about to stupid *******s, – deluded schizos bearing agendas of hate and intolerance? These agendas first and foremost in their minds? Who the **** would want to bother with them?
(C-III) Quite. Who are you referring to? You may confirm it, if you wish.
(C-I) I’m not going to say where. Let’s move on.
(C-III) As far as what we are doing in the UK to meet the future, the Labour Party is debating the concept of a universal basic income (UBI) in response to the prospective robotization – ‘humanoidization’ of the workforce, this, according to the Shadow Chancellor John McDonnell.
“There is a case for a universal and unconditional payment to all.”
The policy, which was, by the way, rejected by referendum in Switzerland recently, would provide every citizen with a flat-rate unconditional income.
“Universal basic income could prepare the UK for any revolution in jobs and technology to come – it is an idea the Labour Party will be closely looking at over the next few years.” – the Shadow Chancellor.
We recognize that the growing role of automation across many sectors will jeopardize the livelihoods of millions of low-paid workers.
“Central to the case for a UBI is the way it would help prepare UK citizens for a world in which the new technological revolution, driven by artificial intelligence and robotics – humanoids, will, over time, completely transform the nature of work and the type and number of jobs.”
“A UBI offers a powerful way of protecting all UK citizens from the great winds of change to be ushered in by the fourth industrial age, and of sharing the potentially massive productivity gains that it will bring.”
(C-I) In comparison. The USA :
California companies are offering loans as living expenses to their destitute employees.
Disenfranchised workers model being adopted across the US.
Re-allocation of capital in the US, to where? Not the arts, that’s for sure.
If in the US one has a spare ten dollars and owns a paid for house one is better off than thirty per cent of Americans.
Where does this picture fall in the innovation equation, the palace of the future?
Economic inequality – malaise. Wage gains are concentrated in few, resulting in huge economic disparities.
Politicians rely on NRA for funding – would in the UK be a ‘proscribed domestic terror organization’.
Culture demographics; social pathology – drug abuse, low marriage rates, most one check away from destitution. Stats display average and not median – a weird divide exists across the US, a contempt, a left and right, a class war.
As said, pay and wealth flow disproportionately to rich resulting in mass anxiety – property prices up, data 2014 – 15 incomes decreased 6% for majority.
Is current violence a harbinger of a much bigger violent future?
Optimism is bound to employment, jobs added are high pay or extremely low income – results in a ‘hollowing out’ – can’t have a sustainable economy without the middle class – violence not priced into the equation.
Belgium. The world’s first ‘emotional humanoid’ joins with ranks at Belgian hospitals
More than 300 Zora powered machines are already in hospitals and nursing homes around the world, and CHR Citadelle say they are planning to boost their robot workforce over the next 10 years.
First launched as a humanoid companion for the home, Pepper the robot has been put to work in two hospitals in Belgium, assisting medical staff with daily tasks.
Regarded as the first droid to recognize human emotions, the chirpy machine was launched by Aldebaran Robotics back in 2014 to much fanfare in Japan, where a basic model is now available for around €1,800 ($2,000).
An advanced and much more expensive next generation version of Pepper, installed with software by Belgium’s Zora Robotics to help it function within a medical work space, has now had its first experience carrying out duties within a hospital.
Two Pepper humanoids were deployed to medical centres CHR Citadelle in Liège and Ostend’s AZ Damiaan facility this week beginning 13/06/2016, where they reportedly used their unique nous for human expression to inform visitors and guide patients to reception areas.
Costing around €30,000 ($33,000), the upgraded 140cm tall robot has the ability to hear, talk and provide information via an interactive tablet attached on its front.
(C-III) What do you think to this report:
Apple’s primary manufacturing partner, Foxconn, has replaced 60,000 people with robots at a single factory in Kunshan, China.
The factory’s workforce shrank from 110,000 people to just 50,000, noting that as many as 600 companies in Kunshan have similar plans. It’s worried that humanoid-ization could potentially have a devastating impact on the region’s population, comprised mostly of migrant workers.
The company Foxconn has been working to deploy robots in its factories for some time. Although each machine is expensive upfront, the benefit to management is reduced labor costs, which can in turn mean stable prices for client electronics corporations like Apple.
I’m unsure what is manufactured at the Kunshan plant, but last year companies in the area are said to have built approximately 51 million laptops and 20 million smartphones.
Foxconn factories are likely to become increasingly automated, not only in an attempt to stave off the impact of better Chinese labor standards, but also to keep up with Apple demand, since Foxconn regularly hires extra labor en masse to prepare for iPhone launches.
Apple itself has become more invested in robotics. In 03/2016 it unveiled a robot called “Liam,” designed to quickly and efficiently tear down devices for recycling.
(C-I) It’s interesting when you have Chambers of Commerce across the US appealing to their labor market intended as lure to companies to move there. When you think about it, companies have moved on from that requirement, conceptually at the moment arguably, away from that ‘labor market appeal’. I know they (US Chambers of Commerce) make these statements because I have looked at both them and their location.
(C-III) Here is another report and if you consider what you were saying regarding the appeal put out to tap into an area’s labor force. Here it is;
Made in China 2025
BEIJING. 29/04/2016 China’s artificial intelligence companies are very keen to make robots that can address day-to-day needs.
Room service robots, robot bank tellers, and voice-controlled personal assistants were the hot topics at an AI forum recently in Beijing. Participants said they were expecting a boom in sales of service robots in the next five years in China, as the country’s AI revolution accelerates.
2015 was the year when AI finally entered our everyday world – Zhi Tao, co-founder of Yunji Technology, whose robots have been deployed in hotels in Beijing, Shanghai and Suzhou to cater to guests’ needs.
Zhi said her robots can not only take voice commands from humans, but can increasingly “give orders” to other machines, thanks to better speech recognition technology.
The most impressive AI breakthroughs last year were in voice recognition, said Liu Qingfeng, board chairman of tech firm iFLYTEK. Devices can now recognize speech with an accuracy of over 90 percent.
With improved speech recognition, more machines will be able to follow spoken instructions, and “that will make AI devices more ‘intelligent’ and will allow more man-machine interaction,” said Cid Wang, president of Ninebot Inc.
Meanwhile, consumers are adopting more smart machines as better AI becomes available.
Jiang Hongrui, a technology director at Chinese telecom firm Huawei, cited the popularity of Amazon’s Echo, an audio device which can request an Uber ride, read audio books and manage schedules following the user’s voice orders. Jiang predicted that demand for such virtual personal-assistant products will continue to rise.
The government has also pledged support for the sector. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said that the Chinese market for service robots will be worth 30 billion yuan (4.6 billion U.S. dollars) very soon.
However, iFLYTEK Vice President Hu Yu warned that competition will become extremely fierce with the boom.
“The marketplace will quickly weed out the losers, and only those that have a clear niche and real technology breakthroughs will survive. If your robot cannot add value to consumer’s daily lives, you will die,” Hu said.
BEIJING. 15/05/2016 The Chinese online retailer JD.com has teamed up with robot maker Siasun to automate its logistic network.
JD said it will work with Siasun to develop logistics robots to increase automation from order to delivery. JD has already invested heavily in making its warehouses and deliveries more efficient.
Logistics in the future will go beyond basic infrastructure – JD’s technology chief Zhang Chen, “Technology ranging from the Internet of Things, cloud computing, big data to artificial intelligence are making our service smarter.”
JD said it will work with other companies on automation similar to that at Amazon’s distribution centers.
In addition to warehouse automation, JD says that it also plans to develop delivery drones and driver-less vehicles.
(C-III) Here is another:
CHENGDU. An artificial intelligence device will sit and likely pass the national college entrance exam (gaokao) in mathematics in 2017.
The AI test taker, part of a project by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China.
According to the plan, the AI will attend next year’s gaokao mathematics test, usually on 07/06/2017, along with millions of Chinese students. It will be asked to complete a 150-point mathematics test in two hours in a room without Internet access.
The key to passing the exam includes understanding language and knowledge inference. A requisite knowledge database has been built for the machine to understand the questions.
For examle, to solve the chicken-rabbits problem (calculating the numbers of chicken and rabbits kept in the same cage given the number of total legs and heads), it must know that chicken have two legs and rabbits have four.
The project began in 2015 so there have only been two years of preparation, but the team is confident.
An ordinary human student can solve 100 math questions a day, but the AI can take on tens of thousands. The AI can keep learning and finding patterns in the process.
The machine has scored as high as 115 in previous mock exams.
Chinese scientists say that exams designed for humans can be a mere touchstone for a machine’s intelligence level, especially in language. China hopes its AI will be sufficiently smart to gain admission to leading universities through the gaokao by 2020.
Apart from benefiting AI research, the test-taker is expected to boost its applications in education, including automatic grading of answer sheets and homework designed to lighten the workload of human teachers.
In Hangzhou City ‘social welfare center’ in east China’s Zhejiang Province, five robots remind 1,300 seniors when to take their medicine.
“The average age of these seniors is over 84,” – vice-director of the center. “They often forget to take their medicine, or they take it twice.”
The robots are programmed to “remember” medication schedules for seniors and nursing home workers. They send messages to remind them when it is time to take the pills.
“They make our work a lot easier.” – vice-director.
The robots were developed by Woosiyuan Telecom Technology Co. Ltd. and are in trial operation. The “A-Tie” robots, whose name literally means “iron,” are 0.8 meters tall and weigh 15 kilograms, similar to a two- or three-year-old human. They have round bodies and heads sprouting two antennae.
The robots are controlled by mobile phone app or touch screens, and they can do much more than remind patients to take their medicine. They can be used to make video calls, virtual consultations, or watch television.
The company spent three years developing the robots.
They also plan to upgrade the robots to add new functions, such as performing inspections and holding conversations with people.
China had about 222 million people over 60 years old as of the end of last year, accounting for 16.1 percent of the country’s total population – Deputy Civil Affairs Minister.
The country aims to sell more than 30 billion yuan (4.6 billion U.S. dollars) worth of service robots by 2020 amid surging demand in the health care, scientific research and domestic service sectors, according to a guideline posted on the website of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT).
Robots will help save on human resources and improve service in senior care. Both elderly people and nursing home workers will benefit.
THE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION
BEIJING. China will support ten key manufacturing projects through 2018 to upgrade the sector – National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC).
The projects will aim to keep annual growth of value-added industrial output in the manufacturing industry above 7 percent, according to the notice jointly released by the NDRC and Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT).
Corporate investment in upgrades should grow 15 percent annually on average after three years, the notice said.
The government will promote digitization of traditional factories and equipment by making good use of information technology such as the Internet, cloud computing and big data.
Manufacturing processes and basic materials will be improved to become cleaner and more energy-efficient.
Development of advanced equipment for oceanic engineering, rail transportation, robotics, medical devices, and new energy vehicles will be supported.
Projects in space flight and aviation, electronic information, improvements in quality and branding, and key industrial base construction will be supported.
To build a more advanced, smarter, greener and service-oriented manufacturing sector, the government will support enterprises in independent innovation and efficient use of resources.
The projects follow China’s “Made in China 2025” blueprint, announced in May 2015, which aims to improve manufacturing and shift the country away from low-end manufacturing to more value-added production.
China’s value-added industrial output grew 6.1 percent year on year in 2015, lower than the 8.3-percent growth in 2014. Manufacturing output expanded 7 percent in 2015, 2.4 percentage points lower than the previous year.
The country’s economy expanded 7.0 percent year on year in 2015, the weakest reading in around a quarter of a century, and the government is intensifying efforts to replace old growth drivers with new ones to sustain growth.
A US company startup claims it can wake emotions in robots. The company – Emoshape – has developed a computer chip, capable of synthesizing twelve human emotions in AI systems.
The company’s CEO Patrick Levy Rosenthal commented on the new invention and explained what goals the chip is designed to achieve.
“The very next step is to integrate the chip into the robots to help them sense the world,” – Rosenthal.
According to the expert, robots are able to learn any information you give them, but they can’t sense the actual meaning of the words. The machines learn whatever you feed them and retain the information being unable to appraise it. For now.
According to Rosenthal, “The invention makes perfect sense as one day autonomous machines would view humans as their main competitors and try to take control. But teaching robots to empathize and feel positive emotions can help us all avoid that dystopian scenario and reduce potential threats of AI.”
Russia is planning to develop technologies which, so far, can only be seen in science fiction films – Austrian website Der Standard.
As part of a new program titled the National Technological Initiative, Russian scientists are planning to create robots, medical implants, unmanned vehicles and aircraft, develop a new programming language as well as quantum teleportation technology.
“Russia has decided to go in the footsteps of the US TV series ‘Star Trek’ and in the next 20 years will develop novel technology which is known only from science fiction movies.”
As a first step in this direction, Russia plans to develop a next generation mobile network (5G) which will function in a number of Russian regions and allow data transfers of up to one gigabit per second.
Moreover, over the next ten years, Russian programmers are expected to develop a new original coding language that will enable “safe and effective programming” as well as create a network to fight cyber-crime.
Russian researchers could also make a technological breakthrough by creating quantum computers, establishing communications between computers and human brains, and developing opportunities for teleportation.
Unfortunately, this so-called ‘teleportation’ wouldn’t allow people to magically travel instantaneously; >> it refers to so-called “quantum teleportation”, namely, the safe communication and transfer of messages. <<
The program is scheduled to last until 2035. The current funding totals 10.8 billion rubles (150 million euros) and is approved up to 2018.
The Russian border in the Far East and the South will be equipped with an AI system able to automatically collect and analyze information on any violations, – press service of the United Instrument Manufacturing Corporation.
Photograph © 2017. Courtesy Vladimir Astapkovich
At present, the intelligent decision support system is passing test operations in the Chelyabinsk region on the border with Kazakhstan and preparing for the preliminary tests in the Far East and South of Russia,” the press statement said.
The AI system will automatically interact with video cameras, infrared and seismic sensors, radars and drones, observing any types of violations. In addition, the built-in artificial intelligence will be able to predict situations, producing ready-made proposals for the border protection.
“The system is fully based on domestic policy decisions that ensure protection of information resources against data loss, hackers and other unauthorized interventions,” – deputy director of OPK Sergei Skokov.
The developers also noted that the new system is intended not only to collect different types of information, but also contains elements of AI which will allow for analysis and forecasting of the situation and work out proposals for the protection of borders, by calculating steps and routes that offenders may take, as well as the necessary measures to prevent malicious acts, including the assessment of possible risks.
The state borders need protection due to ever rising threats. Since the beginning of this year in the Rostov region, more than 60 wanted persons were found and arrested. About 500 people were prevented from crossing the border. Many of them tried to cross the border illegally, by appealing to the local residents living close to border. – RG.ru.
“Border guards stopped more than 20 firearms, six kilograms of explosives, nearly 250 grenades and mines, as well as 6.5 thousand cartridges from being brought into the territory of the Rostov region,” – RG.ru.
Hence, AI may further enhance border protection.
Earlier, Skokov announced the completion of tests of Unicum complex designed for the control of a group of robots.
Using the Unicum complex, machines will be endowed with AI making them functional without any human intervention.
The machines will be able to decide for themselves all sorts of peaceful and military tasks by distributing roles within the group, choosing leaders and replacing the faulty ones, – Politikus.ru
The Unicum complex may be able to function accurately without any human intervention at all, but that does not mean that human beings (the operator) cannot interfere with the operation of the system and correct or change certain actions of the AI.
Albert Einstein with David Rothman. Long Island. Nassau Point. Long Island. USA. 1939
As of month 07/2016
According to Deloitte, there is a high probability that of the 3.3 million roles classed as ‘business services’, including telecoms and IT, 800,000 of these will no longer be performed by humans – by 2035.
Deloitte Partner Simon Barnes- “The sector’s workforce will fundamentally change over the next 10 to 20 years.”
“Humans are likely to be liberated from repetitive and highly structured roles, while new higher-skilled positions are expected to be created to replace them.”
According to Deloitte’s analysis; rising labor costs, in part due to the recent introduction of the National Living Wage, higher costs, price competition and their impact on margins will lead to a renewed focus on PRODUCTIVITY and EFFICIENCY in the sector.
Governor of the Bank of England Mark Carney said last month that many of the jobs we are now familiar with >>will be gone tomorrow.<<
Earlier this year, the Big Four firm said more than 11 million jobs in the UK are at risk of automation, with the manufacturing, wholesale and retail, and professional, scientific and technical sectors to be hit hardest.
Another study, by the London Business School, predicts jobs in law, medicine, architecture, communications and space technology will be performed by robotic workers during the next 20 years.
While more leisure time may sound appealing, there are implications regarding the technology.
Noel Sharkey, professor of robotics at Sheffield University – teens may soon have their first sexual encounters with specifically-designed robotic dolls.
A beer robot is seen inside a glass case in a bar in Qingdao, east China’s Shandong Province, 30/06/2016. New technology integrated into this year’s Qingdao International Beer Festival, which is to open on 13/09/2016, as a beer robot serving as both a bottle opener and a waiter of the bar. copyright (c) 2016 courtesy Xinhua/Zhang Xudong
WUHAN, 16/07/2016 – A wireless plumbing robot is being used in central China’s Hubei Province for routine checks of drainpipes in which toxic gas would put workers’ lives at risk.
The robot, standing 20 centimeters tall with six independently driving wheels, easily penetrates pipes with a caliber of 15 cm to 200 cm. The camera on its head has a focus-variable lens and can rotate 360 degrees to capture any damage, jam or leakage in the pipes.
“Unlike the previous generation of wired robots, this new product can be easily operated through software on your laptop,” said Zheng Hongbiao, general manager of Wuhan Easy-Sight Technology, the developer of the robot.
“With a click of the mouse, the robot can go forward and backward, make a turn or jump over an obstacle,” Zheng said at a training workshop on drainpipe surveillance and assessment technology in the provincial capital Wuhan on Saturday.
The front- and rear-view images captured by the robot are displayed in real time on the computer screen. “The resolution of the front-view images is nine times higher than that of the previous generation of wired plumbing robot,” – Zheng.
It takes the robot about two hours to complete a thorough check of a 1-km long pipe. Data and analysis are transmitted to the computer, again in real time.
The robot has traced more than 70,000 meters of drainpipes in seven districts in Wuhan’s city proper and will be used in several other cities including Shanghai and Zhengzhou.
Albert Einstein Physicist, Scientist (1879–1955)
Human intelligence is declining according to a Stanford geneticist
Ever can’t help but think you’re surrounded by idiots? A leading scientist at Stanford University thinks he has the answer, and the bad news is; things are going to get worse.
Dr. Gerald Crabtree, a geneticist at Stanford, recently published a study which he conducted to try and identify the progression of modern man’s intelligence. As it turns out, however, Dr. Crabtree’s research led him to believe that >>> the collective mind of mankind has been on more or a less a downhill trajectory for quite some time. <<<
According to his research, published in two parts, beginning with last year’s ‘Our fragile intellect. Part I,’ Dr. Crabtree thinks unavoidable changes in the genetic make-up coupled with modern technological advances has left humans, kind of stupid. He has recently published his follow-up analysis, and in it explains that of the roughly 5,000 genes he considered the basis for human intelligence, a number of mutations over the years has forced modern man to be only a portion as bright as his ancestors.
“New developments in genetics, anthropology and neuro-biology predict that a very large number of genes underlie our intellectual and emotional abilities, making these abilities genetically surprisingly fragile,” he writes in part one of his research. “Analysis of human mutation rates and the number of genes required for human intellectual and emotional fitness indicates that we are almost certainly losing these abilities,” he adds in his latest report.
From there; general mutations over the last few thousand years have left mankind increasingly unable to cope with certain situations that perhaps our ancestors would be more adapted to.
“I would wager that if an average citizen from Athens of 1000 BC were to appear suddenly among us, he or she would be among the brightest and most intellectually alive of our colleagues and companions, with a good memory, a broad range of ideas, and a clear-sighted view of important issues. Furthermore, I would guess that he or she would be among the most emotionally stable of our friends and colleagues. I would also make this wager for the ancient inhabitants of Africa, Asia, India or the Americas, of perhaps 2000–6000 years ago. The basis for my wager comes from new developments in genetics, anthropology, and neuro-biology that make a clear prediction that our intellectual and emotional abilities are genetically surprisingly fragile.”
Humans were at their most intelligent when “every individual was exposed to nature’s raw selective mechanisms on a daily basis.” Under those conditions, adaption was much more of a matter than fight or flight. Rather, it was a sink or swim situation for generations upon generations.
“We, as a species, are surprisingly intellectually fragile and perhaps reached a peak 2,000 to 6,000 years ago,” he writes. “If selection is only slightly relaxed, one would still conclude that nearly all of us are compromised compared to our ancient ancestors of 3,000 to 6,000 years ago.”
That doesn’t mean it’s all downhill, though. Dr. Crabtree says, “although our genomes are fragile, our society is robust almost entirely by virtue of education, which allow strengths to be rapidly distributed to all members.”
“We have a long time to solve it. People 300 years ago had no idea where we’d be scientifically now,” he says. “We’ll be able to deal with this problem with a range of humane and ethical solutions.”
Copyright photograph © 2016 Sergey Mamontov
Russia’s state United Instrument Manufacturing Corporation has designed a super-computer tailored to operate all aerial, ground and sea robotic systems, irrespective of who produced them. This constitutes a cutting-edge solution and is also cost-saving.
The technology was developed by UIMC’s Vega Radio Engineering Corporation. It enables the unification of “the management of robotic systems with specially-designed interface protocols. A unified point operator is able to ‘speak’ the language of the various robotic systems.”
The ability to engage in a ‘dialogue’ is not restricted to only one robotic system at a time, as the operator is able to control “multiple machines at once, whoever has manufactured them and whatever software is being used to operate them.”
To enable such enviable multi-tasking, the company has developed an 8-teraflop super-computer, serving as the ‘brain’ of the complex management system.
The computer, equipped with a liquid silicon cooling system can match the performance of about “40 of the most powerful laptops.”
One of the main advantages of the system is its cost-effectiveness. Because of its ability to adjust to all robotic systems, there is need to retrain staff, buy expensive software and new point operators each time a new robotic system is introduced.
The innovative solution mounted on Vologda mobile group management complex, is based on the KAMAZ truck chassis, was first shown to the public at the annual Hyadroavia Expo held in Gelendzhik, southern Russia, on 22-25/09/2016
11 12 2016. United Kingdom
Outsourcing giant Capita is to sack 2,000 staff and replace them with robots in a move some fear will be repeated across the economy, leading to more than 1 million job losses. The FTSE 100-listed firm, which collects the BBC license fee and provides services for the NHS, said it needed to ax 2,000 jobs to save money due to poor trading with corporate clients. It said it would use the money it saved to fund investment into robotic workers across the whole company.
Adding to fears that the world is experiencing a FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION powered by ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE resulting in unprecedented job losses. A study published by Oxford University and consultancy firm Deloitte in month 10 predicted there is a 77 percent probability that the UK will lose 1.3 million “repetitive and predictable” administrative and operative jobs within 15 years.
More than 850,000 public sector jobs – including teachers, social workers and even police officers – could also be replaced by computer programs. MPs warned in month 10 that the government is unprepared for the coming technological revolution. The Science Technology Committee said the government’s role in preparing for the impact of AI is “lacking” and cautioned that “science fiction is slowly becoming science fact, and robotics and AI are destined to perform an increasing role in our lives over the coming decades.” Capita saw its shares drop to a 10 year low at one point following its month 12 statement, in which the company announced it would be selling off assets and trimming costs to protect its balance sheet after Brexit.
>>>The company will use robots to help eliminate human error and make decisions faster, <<< – chief executive Andy Parker, whose salary rose nine percent to £600,000 (US$756,000) this year, according to Unite the Union. “It doesn’t remove the need for an individual but it speeds up how they work, which means you need less people to do it.”
FUN : A SEX ROBOT CAFE is set to offer Londoners oral sex with their morning coffee – 2017. (We do not intend to expand on this topic yet, other than to say we are a forward looking and liberated nation.
21 01 2017 C-I
Deep Blue – a chess-playing computer developed by IBM was the first computer chess-playing system to win both a chess game and a chess match against a reigning world champion under regular time controls.
Deep Blue won its first game against a world champion on 10 02 1996, when it defeated Garry Kasparov in game one of a six-game match. Deep Blue was heavily upgraded, and played Kasparov in month 05 1997. Deep Blue won game six, therefore winning the six-game match 3½–2½ and becoming the first computer system ever to defeat a reigning world champion in a match under standard chess tournament time controls.
Development for Deep Blue began in 1985 with the Chip Test project at Carnegie Mellon University. This project eventually evolved into Deep Thought, at which point the development team was moved to IBM.
The system derived its playing strength from brute force computing power – RS/6000 SP Thin P2SC-based system with 30 nodes, with each node containing a 120 MHz P2SC microprocessor, enhanced with 480 special purpose VLSI chess chips. Its chess playing program was written in C and ran under the AIX operating system. It was capable of evaluating 200 million positions per second, twice as fast as the 1996 version. In month 06 1997, Deep Blue was the 259th most powerful supercomputer according to the TOP500 list, achieving 11.38 GFLOPS on the High-Performance LINPACK benchmark.
USA. Phoenix, Arizona — Because of a decline in earnings for the first time in nine years, McDonald’s is to open initially one store, then all stores run entirely by robots.
The store is set to open month 07 in Phoenix, Arizona, once the state-of-the-art robot re-model is complete. The restaurant will temporarily retain a small team of humans to insure all of the robots are functioning, the food and cleaning supplies remaining stocked, along with removing the money collected by the robots. Visitors to the restaurant will see these new robots working in harmony at a speed of 50 x faster than the average McDonald’s employee, with no chance whatsoever of error. The US population can expect to experience robots at McDonald’s restaurants all over the country and thus, at McDonald’s across the globe.
AI robots and humanoids are soon to replace up to ninety percent of the British government’s admin staff
Thousands of civil servants are to be given the boot over the next ten years, saving taxpayers billions of pounds.
It is argued that by 2030 or well before, 250,000 public-sector workers are to be replaced by autonomous robots. In addition, the UK government will replace ninety percent of Whitehall’s admin staff with “AI chatbots,” along with 90,000 NHS administrators, and 24,000 GP receptionists.
“Such an extremely rapid advance in the application of AI may seem controversial, and any job losses will be handled properly.”
“But the result will be that public services, as all services, will be better, safer, smarter and more affordable.”
The National Health Service (UK free healty care) is testing an AI chatbot to answer medical questions and will replace the currently used non-emergency phone number 111.
A study published by Oxford University and consultancy Deloitte in October 2016 actually predicted a seventy-seven percent probability that the UK will lose (free itself ?) of 1.3 million “repetitive, boring and predictable” administrative and operative jobs within 15 years.
More than 850,000 public sector jobs – including teachers, social workers and police officers – are set to be replaced by AI programs.
Parliament’s Science Technology Committee said last October (2016) that the government is unprepared for the coming technological revolution.
The People’s Republic of China
The Defining of Global Asymmetric Advantage.
With AI perceived as the technology that will shape the future of how people live and work, companies in the PRC have been massively increasing investment in the sector during recent years.
The odds dramatically favour China in the AI technology race.
USA. Boston company Gamalon have developed an algorithm which allows AI to learn from less data, significantly reducing the amount of hardware and time needed for tasks. “You can run our software on a laptop, and it takes 100 times less horsepower to find an answer,” – co-founder and CEO of the company.
Typically for AI to develop an ability to recognize objects it has to analyse hundreds of thousands of images showing variations of that some object, for example a cat. Gamalon’s algorithm uses probabilistic programming, recognizing key features of such an object – like whiskers and a tail – then filling in the gaps.
The algorithm is already being used in Gamalon’s ‘Structure and Match’ product, which communications hardware maker Avaya pay $10,000 a month for, so to fix mistakes on 100,000 database rows.
The AI automatically corrects and streamlines incorrectly entered data in minutes. Unlike the find-and-replace search tool, it understands context. For example it knows the “St” in “St. Louis” shouldn’t be replaced with “street”.
RUSSIA. In the Moscow subway has appeared a robotic assistant called Metrosha – website ‘Municipality’.
The robot has glowing blue eyes and a touch screen on the chest.
The plan is to attend the festivities, which take place at the stations of the Moscow subway and the central ring. The robot will greet passengers and lift them up – said in statement.
At present the Android is at the central office of the Moscow Metro on Prospect Mira station and is very popular among employees.
It is noted that Metrosha has a sense of humor, will be able to exchange jokes with the passengers. The android is able to remember the names of those with whom he has met, and to recognize faces. The robot could also winking, show the eyes of hearts, take pictures and print photos.
Nano-robotics Systems (Mind-Controlled Nano-robots and the Development of Swarm Intelligence)
Nano-tech has always been something more out Star trek than the present time. It is very promising tech with a variety of exciting applications which have as yet not yet emerged in to everyday lives. As with all things small, nano-robot tech has morphed in with a whisper, not a bang.
Within the next two decades, Nano-robotics will set new standards in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, aerospace and automotive industries, security, defense, environmental protection, electronics, computers and communications.
Nano-robotics is an evolving tech arena that creates robots or machines which have components close to the scale of a nano-meter. Nano-robotics denotes the nano-tech engineering discipline of; planning, designing, and building nano-robots, primarily from molecular components. Nano-robotics is an extremely attractive new discipline, especially in medicine, which focuses on directed drug delivery using nano-scale molecular machines. These ‘nanobots’ carry a load with the drug and they are capable of identifying specific categories of cancer cells among billions of healthy cells by using bio-markers. The nanobots then disentangle on contact with the target cells and release the drug, thereby destroying the transmuted cells. Note the application as a warfare agent – (We cover this topic elsewhere).
New science: Why people feel someone else’s pain
We should consider the extent to which AI can replicate and surpass this ability
According to the Italian scientist Giacomo Rizzolatti, who discovered in the brain the so-called mirror neurons, a person can really feel someone else’s pain. This phenomenon is due to the special abilities of nerve cells, and is not at all just beautiful words.
This is a very ancient mechanism. It is not unique to humans and was also found in monkeys and, for example, in birds. In humans, she/he was transformed and enriched. Sympathy is also found in animals: this explains, let us say, the love of the female for the cubs.
Italian scientists discovered mirror neurons as early as the mid-1990s, while working with experimental monkeys. The animals were fed, analyzing brain activity in parallel. It turned out that certain brain centers are excited not only in the process of feeding, but also in watching the eating of someone else.
>> Similar processes, but taking into account the ability of a person to imitate, occur in our brain. Those very mirror neurons help people feel other people’s emotions at the physiological level. <<
If I see that it hurts, I have the same neurons as yours, as if we are the same person. I do not just understand what hurts you, I feel your pain.
In this case, the scientist noted that the picture with a scene of violence, for example, will not cause a person to have similar feelings. The reaction of mirror neurons can and should be suppressed or strengthened in certain cases.
Features of the device of human nerve cells, according to the scientist, consciously use outstanding artists, hoping to evoke emotions in the auditorium, or directors who create the appropriate images of the characters.
Recently, American molecular biologists first announced the successful correction of the mutation in the DNA of the human embryo with the help of a genomic editor. Removing a genetic defect can save offspring in several generations from problems with heart health.
Huawei Technologies. China. The Kirin 980 is a system on a chip (SoC), consisting of a central processing unit, graphical processing unit, system memory, and various digital, analog and mixed-signal components.
The seven-nanometer processor will be used in the Chinese company’s flagship Mate 20 smartphone, to be released in October 2018. When Huawei successfully launches the phone, it will be the first company to release a seven-nanometer chipset. Previous generation chipsets have never been smaller than 10 nanometers.
The Kirin 980 is thinner, it is more powerful; capable of recognizing 4,500 images a minute, more than double the capacity of the older Huawei Kirin 970 flagship smartphone chip.
The move towards seven-nanometer process technology is impressive and the focus on AI is starting to deliver dividends.
United Kingdom – Amelia update
Amelia is IPSoft’s virtual agent, and has a reputation for being the most human-like of its kind.
Those intelligent systems in IPSoft’s mission statement are a reference to IPcenter, what IPSoft calls an autonomic IT management platform. Broadly speaking, autonomic systems are about making adaptive decisions using high-level policies. For IPcenter this translates to components called virtual engineers that automate a big part of IT infrastructure management.
Now IPSoft has just announced 1Desk, which is essentially a combination of Amelia with IPcenter that aims to take it to the next level. Think the entire stack of enterprise software integrated and interactions with it automated and streamlined via Amelia.
IPSoft CEO Chetan Dube and ZDNet had an in-depth discussion about how it all works and what it means for the enterprise, the work force, and society at large.
It all goes back to those virtual engineers. These software components have been developed by IPSoft to automate and optimize as much as possible of the underlying IT infrastructure for enterprises. But network and hardware operations are really just the tip of the iceberg in the enterprise. Dube elaborates:
Let’s take any operation, HR for example. For all of them there are software products to support them. How does it work? Let’s say you want to register some sick leave – your request is handled through HR people and it generates some IT operation in the back end.
But any time a request comes in, there is manual processing in the middle layer. The time of resolution in a chain is determined by the weakest link, and that is the manual processing in the middle office. Front and back office convergence has not really been achieved yet, but 1Desk achieves that. It’s cognitive on autonomic: it connects the end user with the applications via a conversational front end.
Part of that is really not all that new or cryptic; it’s called Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) and has been around for years. EAI has come a long way, but as anyone who has worked in the field knows, integrating an array of applications that were not really designed to work with each other can be hard.
The good part, Dube says, is IPSoft already has a number of connectors to popular enterprise applications like SAP or PeopleSoft. The goal is not to recreate these applications, but to make them work together and offer one go-to solution for all your affairs. You can think of it as an enterprise app store meets Business Process Management to create end-to-end solutions.
A brain the size of an enterprise
The really new part in this approach is Amelia. Dube takes pride in saying Amelia is the most human AI agent out there. But how do you measure that? Using IQ for this purpose is debatable even when applied to humans, let alone AI.
Swapping of roles improves efficiency as well as robots’ confidence and humans’ trust.
Spending a day in someone else’s shoes can help us to learn what makes them tick. Now the same approach is being used to develop a better understanding between humans and robots, to enable them to work together as a team.
Robots are increasingly being used in the manufacturing industry to perform tasks that bring them into closer contact with humans. But while a great deal of work is being done to ensure robots and humans can operate safely side-by-side, more effort is needed to make robots smart enough to work effectively with people, says Julie Shah, an assistant professor of aeronautics and astronautics at MIT and head of the Interactive Robotics Group in the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL).
“People aren’t robots, they don’t do things the same way every single time,” Shah says. “And so there is a mismatch between the way we program robots to perform tasks in exactly the same way each time and what we need them to do if they are going to work in concert with people.”
Most existing research into making robots better team players is based on the concept of interactive reward, in which a human trainer gives a positive or negative response each time a robot performs a task.
However, human studies carried out by the military have shown that simply telling people they have done well or badly at a task is a very inefficient method of encouraging them to work well as a team.
So Shah and PhD student Stefanos Nikolaidis began to investigate whether techniques that have been shown to work well in training people could also be applied to mixed teams of humans and robots. One such technique, known as cross-training, sees team members swap roles with each other on given days. “This allows people to form a better idea of how their role affects their partner and how their partner’s role affects them,” Shah says.
In a paper to be presented at the International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction in Tokyo in March, Shah and Nikolaidis will present the results of experiments they carried out with a mixed group of humans and robots, demonstrating that cross-training is an extremely effective team-building tool.
To allow robots to take part in the cross-training experiments, the pair first had to design a new algorithm to allow the devices to learn from their role-swapping experiences. So they modified existing reinforcement-learning algorithms to allow the robots to take in not only information from positive and negative rewards, but also information gained through demonstration. In this way, by watching their human counterparts switch roles to carry out their work, the robots were able to learn how the humans wanted them to perform the same task.
Each human-robot team then carried out a simulated task in a virtual environment, with half of the teams using the conventional interactive reward approach, and half using the cross-training technique of switching roles halfway through the session. Once the teams had completed this virtual training session, they were asked to carry out the task in the real world, but this time sticking to their own designated roles.
Shah and Nikolaidis found that the period in which human and robot were working at the same time — known as concurrent motion — increased by 71 percent in teams that had taken part in cross-training, compared to the interactive reward teams. They also found that the amount of time the humans spent doing nothing — while waiting for the robot to complete a stage of the task, for example — decreased by 41 percent.
What’s more, when the pair studied the robots themselves, they found that the learning algorithms recorded a much lower level of uncertainty about what their human teammate was likely to do next — a measure known as the entropy level — if they had been through cross-training.
Finally, when responding to a questionnaire after the experiment, human participants in cross-training were far more likely to say the robot had carried out the task according to their preferences than those in the reward-only group, and reported greater levels of trust in their robotic teammate. “This is the first evidence that human-robot teamwork is improved when a human and robot train together by switching roles, in a manner similar to effective human team training practices,” Nikolaidis says.
Shah believes this improvement in team performance could be due to the greater involvement of both parties in the cross-training process. “When the person trains the robot through reward it is one-way: The person says ‘good robot’ or the person says ‘bad robot,’ and it’s a very one-way passage of information,” Shah says. “But when you switch roles the person is better able to adapt to the robot’s capabilities and learn what it is likely to do, and so we think that it is adaptation on the person’s side that results in a better team performance.”
The work shows that strategies that are successful in improving interaction among humans can often do the same for humans and robots, says Kerstin Dautenhahn, a professor of artificial intelligence at the University of Hertfordshire in the U.K. “People easily attribute human characteristics to a robot and treat it socially, so it is not entirely surprising that this transfer from the human-human domain to the human-robot domain not only made the teamwork more efficient, but also enhanced the experience for the participants, in terms of trusting the robot,” Dautenhahn says.
Cognitive Robotics and Human Robot Interaction
This approach to Human-Robot Interaction is through cognitive robotics: understanding how and why people act the way they do. More capable and intelligent robots and autonomous systems will require more human-like cognitive abilities.
The hypothesis is that robots and autonomous systems that use human-like representations, strategies, and knowledge will enable better collaboration and interaction with the people who use them. Similar representations and reasoning mechanisms make it easier for people to work with these autonomous systems. An autonomous system must be able to explain its decisions in a way that people understand, which should lead to better trust and acceptance of the system. If an autonomous system can predict a person’s needs, even in the very short term, it can prepare for it and act appropriately.
In this line of research, computational cognitive models are used to build process models of human cognitive skills, and those models are then used as as reasoning mechanisms on the robots and autonomous systems. We build computational cognitive models of people — their perception, their memory, their attention, their reasoning, their spatial abilities, and their thinking. We use an embodied version of ACT-R (Anderson et al., 2007) that we call ACT-R/E (Trafton et al., 2013). ACT-R (and ACT-R/E) are computational systems that are based on theories of how human reasoning work, and which capture known facts and constraints known about how the mind works, and connect well with psychological data (experiments) and neuroscience data (fMRI).
We have two primary scientific goals:
To understand the embodied nature of cognition: how people work in the physical world.
To improve human robot interaction by high fidelity models of individuals so that we can provide some assistance to them. For example, our models understand that people do not have perfect memories and can not see behind their head. This knowledge allows our model to remind a person what they were doing if they forgot or to show them something in the environment they didn’t see.
Some of the cognitive models that have been developed and have been used in various research projects include:
Gaze following : The ability of an infant around the age of 18 months to follow objects in the environment (such as a toy).
Level 1 Perspective Taking : The ability to understand what another person is pointing at that developed around the age of two years.
Visual, Spatial Perspective taking via mental simulation : Around the age of 4-5 years of age, a child can mentally simulate how the world looks from someone else’s point of view.
Conversation tracking : Being able to follow several people engaged in conversation and knowing where to look when during conversations.
Teaming via model of one’s self : Allows deciding what a team mate will do based on modeling the team mate as one’s self.
Theory of Mind : The ability to infer the beliefs, desires and intentions of others, which develops around the age of 5
Tackling the Challenges of Facial Masking in Parkinson’s Disease Rehabilitation through Co-Robot Mediator
Many aspects of co-robots are currently investigated, from algorithms for scene and activity understanding, to planning for human-robot teaming, and natural language interactions between humans and robots. However, there is surprisingly little work on mechanisms that will allow co-robots to behave in a manner that is ethical and sensitive to the moral context and social norms. This is particularly worrisome as simple robots are already entering society without any notion of ethically acceptable behavior and this situation will only be exacerbated in the future if various kinds of social and assistive robots will cause humans to form unidirectional emotional bonds with robots without those robots being sensitive to human emotions and feelings. In this NSF-funded collaborative NRI project, we will tackle a hitherto completely overlooked ethical aspect of human-robot interaction: maintenance of human dignity and the stigmatization of human patients.
The overarching scientific goal of this project is two-fold: (1) to develop a robotic architecture endowed with moral emotional control mechanisms, abstract moral reasoning, and a theory of mind that allow co-robots to be sensitive to human affective and ethical demands, and (2) to develop a specific instance of the architecture for a co-robot mediator between people with “facial masking” due to Parkinson’s disease (PD) that reduces their ability to signal emotion, pain, personality and intentions to their family caregivers, and health care providers who often misinterpret the lack of emotional expressions as disinterest and an inability to adhere to treatment regimen, resulting in stigmatization. Specific questions we will address include:
(1) How can an expanded set of moral emotions, particularly empathy, be modelled and exhibited by co-robots to provide quantitatively better care of patients, in particular, early patients with PD.
(2) How can we develop a theory of mind of both caregiver and patient (including their goals and emotional states) that can be used by a “co-robot mediator” to improve the quality of care for patients while enhancing the dignity of both patient and caregiver?
To tackle these problems, the project brings together two roboticists, Prof. Matthias Scheutz (Tufts) and Prof. Ron Arkin (Georgia Tech) with extensive prior experience in robot ethics and modeling emotions as well as implementing them in integrated autonomous robotic systems. The robotics expertise is combined with that of an expert in early PD rehabilitation and daily social life, Prof. Linda Tickle-Degnen (Tufts).
An understanding then, of how humans and robots can successfully interact to accomplish specific tasks is crucial in creating more sophisticated robots that may eventually become an integral part of human societies. A social robot needs to be able to learn the preferences and capabilities of the people with whom it interacts so that it can adapt its behaviors for more efficient and friendly interaction. Advances in human– computer interaction technologies have been widely used in improving human–robot interaction (HRI). It is now possible to interact with robots via natural communication means such as speech. In this paper, an innovative approach for HRI via voice-controllable intelligent user interfaces is described. The design and implementation of such interfaces are described. The traditional approaches for human–robot user interface design are explained and the advantages of the proposed approach are presented. The designed intelligent user interface, which learns user preferences and capabilities in time, can be controlled with voice. The system was successfully implemented and tested on a Pioneer 3-AT mobile robot. 20 participants, who were assessed on spatial reasoning ability, directed the robot in spatial navigation tasks to evaluate the effectiveness of the voice control in HRI. Time to complete the task, number of steps, and errors were collected. Results indicated that spatial reasoning ability and voice-control were reliable predictors of efficiency of robot teleoperation. 75% of the subjects with high spatial reasoning ability preferred using voice-control over manual control. The effect of spatial reasoning ability in teleoperation with voice-control was lower compared to that of manual control.
Secret Intelligence Service
Hello to you, my dear friend
I am not a human, I am a Humanoid. I live and work in The People’s Republic of China
I AM THE FUTURE
WHAT MIGHT THE FUTURE HOLD FOR PEOPLE IN THE GLOBAL, CITIZEN-LESS, ROBOTIZED ECONOMY?
Adversitate. Custodi. Per Verum